School of Education

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Young girls' lived experiences of 'going online': an exploration into the relationships between social media use and well-being for primary age girls

In our digital age, with the creation of online social groups, individuals are constructing their identities in different ways. This ‘convergence culture’ maps a new territory where consumers can manipulate this online media in offline and real-time spaces. There has never been a more recordable or observable ‘looking-glass’ than that of social media, whereby all utterances that are sent out online are put forward for a reaction (Kaplan and Haenlein, 2011). This thesis explores how past (Goffman, 1959; Marcia, 1966) and present (Brook et al., 2008; Urrieta, 2007) theories of identity, as either a fixed or fluid entity, are reflected in contemporary social media practices that young girls aged eight to eleven, from a London primary school, choose to participate in. This thesis investigates how interactions in both the online and offline ‘figured worlds’ (Holland et al., 1998) of blogs influence children’s identity formation as they ‘figure’ out who they are at this pre-adolescent stage. This thesis adopts a m…

Type: thesis
Creators: Gibson, Poppy Frances;
Year: 2019
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:September 21, 2020 10:38 AM
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How non-native speakers make do with words when doing things with words : an analysis of communication strategies in storytelling by Mandarin-speaking learners of English

This study employs a conversation analysis (CA) approach, which is concerned with the analysis of closely transcribed examples of actual talk recorded in naturally occurring settings. The study aims to describe and analyse sequences of actions generated by Native Speakers( NS) and Non-Native Speaker( NNS) in the course of telling a story. Emergent communication problems during the talk-in-interaction were engaged with and resolved through the application of communication strategies (CS). The storyteller and her/his co-participants utilized CS in an attempt not only to overcome communication difficulties so as to reach mutual understanding, but also to co-ordinate their actions with each other, or to enhance sufficient participant engagement in order to accomplish communication goals. In addition, the range of CS used by NS and NNS during ongoing discourses are identified, illustrated, and analysed. The differences and similarities in the way NS and NNS approach interactional tasks are examined. In addition, C…

Type: thesis
Creators: Jin-Yueh, Yang;
Year: 2006
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:August 6, 2020 11:19 AM
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The struggle for moral education in English elementary schools 1879-1918

This thesis examines moral education in English elementary schools from 1879 to 1918. It investigates why there was widespread interest in character formation in the elementary school at this time but not support for one particular sort of programme. It investigates how moral education was perceived, approached, and implemented by the education department, the general public, School Board and Education Committee members, and teachers in schools, offering a comprehensive and detailed investigation into these issues. Much of the study focuses on one distinctive approach to moral education in this period - secular moral instruction. A range of sources are interrogated, allowing access to the different, but sometimes overlapping, perspectives of policy-makers, educationalists, the organisations and individuals who promoted moral education (particularly the Moral Instruction League, George Dixon and FJ Gould), authors of teaching material, and inspectors and head teachers in schools. Chapters One to Three have an …

Type: thesis
Creators: Wright, Susannah Lisbet;
Year: 2006
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:August 6, 2020 10:16 AM
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A study of the stress factors and coping strategies of Japanese students in UK higher education institutions

The aim of this thesis is to investigate the stress factors and coping strategies of Japanese students in UK Higher Education Institutions. It is beIieved that this is the first time that this specific but wide research with Japanese students has been attempted. The first five chapters provide a range of background information and relevant considerations in preparation for the actual investigation. This involved investigation of a possible conceptual framework for examining stress and coping strategies with evidence being sought from previous research. Statistical, historical and literary information about previous overseas study by Japanese and other international students was also considered. A preliminary survey was carried out with 35 Japanese students and this provided valuable information especially for the design of a questionnaire for the main survey, which obtained answers from 285 Japanese students about the types and degree levels of various stress factors, as well as the types of coping strategies…

Type: thesis
Creators: Ashikaga, Michiya;
Year: 2010
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:April 24, 2020 2:17 PM
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The contribution of Ofsted inspections to improvement in primary school geography

The study investigated the contribution of Ofsted inspections to improvement in primary school geography. It explored the importance and role of inspection reports in guiding and informing improvement in geography, and examined how they had changed with revisions to the inspection framework in 2003. The role of the inspection process was also examined, as well as other key influences on improvement in geography in the schools. A qualitative survey was employed, with a mixed method research design. Analysis of data was by means of a grounded theory approach, supplemented by statistical analysis. There were two main lines of enquiry. One comprised telephone interviews with Ofsted inspectors, and face-to-face interviews with primary school head teachers and geography coordinators. The other involved analysis of the geography sections of inspection reports from before and after the 2003 revisions to the inspection framework. The study showed that, although there were variations in the quantity and quality of feed…

Type: thesis
Creators: Pattinson-Brown, Michael;
Year: 2006
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:April 19, 2020 1:03 PM
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Changing attitudes? A longitudinal study of pupils' attitudes to science between the primary and secondary phases of education.

The findings are reported of a 4-year (1995-1998) longitudinal study, conducted in three primary schools (Years 5 and 6) and a single comprehensive school (Years 7 and 8) in Oxfordshire, of pupils' (n=71) attitudes towards various aspects of school-based science. The objectives were to investigate whether the pupils', especially the girls', attitudes to school science had changed (particularly in the early secondary years) from those reported in the pre-National Curriculum research literature. Data on various aspects of school science, including attitudes to the individual biological and physical science topics in Years 5 to 7, were collected from the pupils via annual questionnaires and, for 36 pupils, from annual, semi-structured tape-recorded interviews. Year 6 pupils also provided some "mini-essays". The cohort pupils' attitudes varied little from those reported in the pre-national Curriculum literature - science was regarded as a 'favourite' subject by very few pupils. The girls' lack of enthusiasm for t…

Type: thesis
Creators: Jones, Christine M.;
Year: 2003
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:April 17, 2020 11:49 AM
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Information communication technology and the management of change in two educational institutions

Successive governments for decades have extolled the power of education in providing the answer to national problems. Recently published government reports (DfEE, 1998; DfEE, 1999a; DfEE, 2000a) suggest that through Further Education (FE) and Higher Education (HE), educational success for more and different types of students can be achieved, at no additional cost, through the deployment of new technologies in learning and teaching. This research explored issues of change as two educational institutions responded to the Leaming Age agenda (DfEE, 1998) which clearly articulates a role for FE and HE in providing and creating a culture of attracting more students from groups whowould not traditionally have thought about continuing their education. Both sectors have been charged with providing more flexible learning opportunities to create the culture change. Two educational institutions were used in this research, one from the FE sector, and the ·other from Higher Education. The cases for study were selected on…

Type: thesis
Creators: Browne, Elizabeth;
Year: 2003
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:April 3, 2020 1:38 PM
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An investigation of the arrangements for the provision of education for pupils who are out of school by reason of illness

This thesis reports on a study which investigated the impact of the decision­making process under the remit of the Education Act 1996 s. 19, on local education authority (LEA) arrangements for educating children out of school by reason of illness in order to contribute to policy development in the area of parental involvement. A multiple site case study of the administration of exceptional provision in English LEAs was conducted. Fifteen contrasting LEAs were contacted. Seven LEAs volunteered (two shire counties; one metropolitan district; one unitary and three London). Twenty one LEA professionals who were responsible for hospital and home tuition services, and 35 parents of 35 children (24 children residing in case study LEAs; 11 children residing in non case study LEAs) volunteered to participate in the study. In-depth qualitative data were collected between March 1998 and March 1999 by means of semi-structured interviews and document collation. Overall, the data from parents suggested that diversity exis…

Type: thesis
Creators: Davies, Susan M.;
Year: 2001
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:April 3, 2020 1:32 PM
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Facilitating improvements in teaching and learning through self-directed professional development

In post-compulsory education settings opportunities for more appropriate interpersonal communication between a teacher and their students are required. However, reflective practice, proposed as a means of empowering teachers to enhance the process of teaching and learning, is neglected or ineffective and action research, suggested as a way of facilitating reflective practice, may not always be appropriate or possible. Thus, there is a need to better understand how to encourage teachers' participation in, and enable their accomplishment of, reflective practice aimed at self-directed improvements in teaching and learning. Volunteer teachers in post-compulsory education settings used a Communication Styles Questionnaire to identify the pattern of interaction between themselves and their students with a view to developing, where desired, a wider, more flexible style of communicating to enhance teaching and learning. Using an action research methodology and a case study method, these instances of reflective practi…

Type: thesis
Creators: Turner, Gillian A.;
Year: 2001
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:March 12, 2020 2:35 PM
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The commodification of British higher education : international student curriculum initiatives

This thesis examines the effects of market forces in UK higher education on professional practice in universities and their consequences for the educational experience of international students and those who teach them. It explores whether it is possible in practice for HEIs to reconcile the professional ethics of educators with externally set targets and economic imperatives in an environment which is commercial in orientation and where operational practices are based on a free market philosophy. Policies and practices in international student affairs in Britain are viewed in historical perspective, charting the transition of roles from guest to client with a consequent shift in the demography of the international student body. This, coinciding with a decrease in the public funding of universities, has meant that international study has grown in importance in terms of revenue. The argument is put that this has resulted in international students' acquiring a measure of consumer power the demands of which are …

Type: thesis
Creators: Walker, Patricia;
Year: 1997
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:March 6, 2020 12:30 PM
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