History of Medicine #15: International or global?: The pharmaceutical industry 1950–2010


This seminar examines the development of the pharmaceutical industry in the second half of the twentieth century, with a particular focus on the USA and Europe, the main centres of the large corporations and their largest markets. It analyses their growth and how they met the challenge of the evolving biotechnology industry, in the context of spiralling research and development costs, government pressures on drug prices and greater regulation. The growth of very large international or ‘global’ corporations has taken place across many industries and been defined in different ways. The paper concludes with an assessment of the extent of ‘globalisation’ in the pharmaceutical industry. This seminar took place at Oxford Brookes University on 13 March 2012

Links to resources

Teaching subject area

History, History of Medicine



Date produced


Faculty or department

Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences\Department of History, Philosophy and Culture

Graduate attributes

Research literacy


copyright Oxford Brookes University, except where indicated in the item description


  • Owner: Thomas Shepherd
  • Collection: OER
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