Journal Article


Unspoken playground rules discourage adolescent physical activity in school : a focus group study of constructs in the Prototype Willingness Model

Abstract

The health benefits of exercise in school are recognised, yet physical activity continues to decline during early adolescence despite numerous interventions. In this study we investigated whether the Prototype Willingness Model, an account of adolescent decision-making that includes both reasoned behavioural choices and unplanned responses to social environments, might improve understanding of physical activity in school. We conducted focus groups with British pupils aged 12-13 and used deductive thematic analysis to search for themes relating to the model. Participants described reasoned decisions about physical activity outside school and unplanned choices to be inactive during break, in response to social contexts described as more ‘judgmental’ than in primary school. Social contexts appeared characterised by anxiety about competence, negative peer evaluation and inactive playground norms. The Prototype Willingness Model might more fully explain physical activity in school than reasoned behavioural models alone, indicating potential for interventions targeting anxieties about playground social environments.

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Authors

Wheatley, Catherine M.
Davies, Emma L.
Dawes, Helen

Oxford Brookes departments

Faculty of Health and Life Sciences\Department of Sport and Health Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences\Department of Psychology, Social Work and Public Health

Dates

Year of publication: 2017
Date of RADAR deposit: 2017-11-06


Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License


Related resources

This RADAR resource is the Accepted Manuscript of Unspoken playground rules discourage adolescent physical activity in school : a focus group study of constructs in the Prototype Willingness Model

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  • Owner: Joseph Ripp
  • Collection: Outputs
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  • Status: Live