This Journal article is part of Staff Publications
This publication is embargoed and will be available as Open Access on 2020-01-28.
Energy return on investment (EROI) is a critical measure of the comparative utility of different energy carriers including fossil fuels and renewables. However it must not be used to compare carriers that cannot be put to similar end-use. Additionally, combining carriers to arrive at estimates of ‘average’ or ‘minimum’ EROIs can be problematic.
Faculty of Technology, Design and Environment
fossil fuels, renewable energy
(2019) 'Net energy analysis must not compare apples and oranges', Nature Energy Nat. Energy.
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