Journal Article

Vocal nodules management


Vocal fold nodules present the voice clinic team with a number of clinical dilemmas which are not as simple as previously thought. The definition, aetiology, prevalence and diagnosis are all poorly understood. Furthermore, treatment evidence for both behavioural and surgical approaches is weak. This paper reviews the published evidence pertaining to all of these aspects. Specific areas of uncertainty that remain include poorly defined nomenclature, the natural history of paediatric vocal nodules, the establishment of criteria to measure successful treatment, optimal configuration of speech therapy regimens and the rationale for surgical intervention. The authors suggest the development of evidenceā€based guidelines for UK practice.

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Birchall, Martin A.
Carding, Paul

Oxford Brookes departments

Faculty of Health and Life Sciences\Oxford School of Nursing and Midwifery\Department of Nursing


Year of publication: 2019
Date of RADAR deposit: 2019-06-13

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