The recent generative model-driven Generalized Zero-shot Learning (GZSL) techniques overcome the prevailing issue of the model bias towards the seen classes by synthesizing the visual samples of the unseen classes through leveraging the corresponding semantic prototypes. Although such approaches significantly improve the GZSL performance due to data augmentation, they violate the principal assumption of GZSL regarding the unavailability of semantic information of unseen classes during training. In this work, we propose to use a generative model (GAN) for synthesizing the visual proxy samples while strictly adhering to the standard assumptions of the GZSL. The aforementioned proxy samples are generated by exploring the early training regime of the GAN. We hypothesize that such proxy samples can effectively be used to characterize the average entropy of the label distribution of the samples from the unseen classes. Further, we train a classifier on the visual samples from the seen classes and proxy samples using entropy separation criterion such that an average entropy of the label distribution is low and high, respectively, for the visual samples from the seen classes and the proxy samples. Such entropy separation criterion generalizes well during testing where the samples from the unseen classes exhibit higher entropy than the entropy of the samples from the seen classes. Subsequently, low and high entropy samples are classified using supervised learning and ZSL rather than GZSL. We show the superiority of the proposed method by experimenting on AWA1, CUB, HMDB51, and UCF101 datasets.
Gune, OmkarBanerjee, BiplabChaudhuri, SubhasisCuzzolin, Fabio
School of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics
Year of publication: 2020Date of RADAR deposit: 2021-01-12
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