Journal Article


The effectiveness of prehabilitation interventions on biopsychosocial and service outcomes pre and post upper gastrointestinal surgery : a systematic review

Abstract

Purpose. This review synthesised the evidence for the effect of prehabilitation interventions on biopsychosocial and service outcomes. Materials and Methods. A systematic review was conducted. 10 databases were searched to December 2023. Prospective experimental studies exploring prehabilitation interventions in adults undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery were included. Prehabilitation was any preoperative intervention to improve physical or psychological outcomes. Included studies required a comparator group or alternative preoperative intervention as well as baseline, presurgical and postoperative assessment points. Study quality was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool (v.2). Data synthesis was narrative (SWiM guidance). Results. 6028 studies were screened, with 25 studies included. Prehabilitation interventions were: inspiratory muscle training (five studies n = 450); exercise (nine studies n = 683); psychological (one study n = 400); and nutritional (ten studies n = 487). High quality studies showed preoperative improvements in impairments directly targeted by the interventions. Generally, these did not translate into functional or postoperative improvements, but multimodal interventions were more promising. Conclusion. Current evidence supports prehabilitation as safe to preserve or improve preoperative function. Heterogeneity in outcomes and variable study quality means definitive conclusions regarding interventions are not yet possible, limiting implementation. Agreement of clinical outcomes and cost effectiveness evaluation is required.

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Authors

Stiger, Robyn J.
Williams, Mark A.
Gustafson, Owen D.
Woods, Alyson
Collett Johnny

Oxford Brookes departments

Department of Sport, Health Sciences and Social Work

Dates

Year of publication: 2024
Date of RADAR deposit: 2024-02-14


Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License


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