1. Introduction to reflection
  2. Brookfield's lenses
  3. Lens one: autobiographical experiences of teaching and learning
  4. Lens two: learners' eyes
  5. Lens three: our colleagues' eyes
  6. Lens four: the critical literature
  7. Further resources to support reflective practice in teaching and learning

Brookfield's lenses

Brookfield (2005) suggests two distinct purposes for reflection within teaching and learning. Firstly to reach a better understanding of how power underpins and distorts educational processes and secondly to question assumptions and practices that appear to make our lives look easier on the surface but in the long-term detract from our best interests.

This is based on the assumption that if teachers are more reflective then they are better placed to make reliable judgments about approaches to teaching practice, evaluation, curriculum planning and purposeful responses to learners’ issues.

“The critically reflective process happens when teachers discover and examine their assumptions by viewing their practice through four distinct, though interconnecting lenses’ (Brookfield, 2005 p xiii).

In order to provide you with some concrete examples of how these lenses could be used to examine assumptions, there are short digital stories included in the pages for the first three lenses.

For you to talk about reflective practice, and to share your own links and resources, there is also: