(1) The plant endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is crucial to the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. The ER consists of a dynamic and continuously remodelling network of tubules and cisternae. Several conserved membrane proteins have been implicated in formation and maintenance of the ER network in plants, such as RHD3 and the reticulon proteins. Despite the recent work in mammalian and yeast cells, the detailed molecular mechanisms of ER network organisation in plants still remain largely unknown. Recently novel ER network-shaping proteins called Lunapark (LNP) have been identified in yeast and mammalian cells. (2) Here we identify two arabidopsis LNP homologues and investigate their subcellular localisation via confocal microscopy and potential function in shaping the ER network using protein-protein interaction assays and mutant analysis. (3) We show that AtLNP1 overexpression in tobacco leaf epidermal cells mainly labels cisternae in the ER network whereas AtLNP2 labels the whole ER. Overexpression of LNP proteins results in an increased abundance of ER cisternae and lnp1 and lnp1lnp2 amiRNA lines display a reduction in cisternae and larger polygonal areas. (4) Thus, we hypothesize that AtLNP1 and AtLNP2 are involved in determining the network morphology of the plant ER, possibly by regulating the formation of ER cisternae.
Breeze, EmilyPain, CharlotteTolmie, FrancesFrigerio, LorenzoHawes , Chris
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences\Department of Biological and Medical Sciences
Year of publication: 2018Date of RADAR deposit: 2018-04-20
RADAR: Research Archive and Digital Asset RepositoryAbout RADAR