Background: Diet could have implications for disease progression and management in people with Parkinson’s disease (PwP). However, the knowledge of diet intake patterns in PwP is limited.
Objectives: We set out to assess the feasibility of collecting diet data in PwP to determine food and nutrient intake, in order to compare to national nutrition guidelines and thus understand the habits in this population. Methods: In this cross-sectional feasibility study, PwP were approached through local support groups throughout the Thames Valley and were asked to complete a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Eligibility criteria included a self-reported neurologist confirmed diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease. Completeness of questionnaires was reported and 80% was considered appropriate for each measure including demographic information. Results: Response rate was 61% and missing data rate for the 121 returned questionnaires was 74%; however, of the 90 used for analysis there was 100% completion of the questionnaires. Compared to the UK government guidelines, protein was significantly higher for both males and females and fluid intake was lower for both genders (p < 0.001). There were several other differences in nutrient intake compared to guidelines. Conclusion: We observed high levels of engagement from PwP and found that assessing food and nutrient patterns in PwP was feasible. Importantly, the diet was generally healthy overall, yet there were specific nutrients that may affect medication metabolism in PwP that were found to be high. Therefore further research into this emerging and important area is warranted.
Coe, ShellySpruzen, Sarah-LynnSanchez, CheyenneIzadi, HooshangDawes, Helen
Department of Sport, Health Sciences and Social WorkSchool of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics
Year of publication: 2019Date of RADAR deposit: 2019-11-12