Journal Article


A cross-sectional feasibility study of nutrient intake patterns in people with Parkinson’s compared to government nutrition guidelines

Abstract

Background: Diet could have implications for disease progression and management in people with Parkinson’s disease (PwP). However, the knowledge of diet intake patterns in PwP is limited. Objectives: We set out to assess the feasibility of collecting diet data in PwP to determine food and nutrient intake, in order to compare to national nutrition guidelines and thus understand the habits in this population. Methods: In this cross-sectional feasibility study, PwP were approached through local support groups throughout the Thames Valley and were asked to complete a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Eligibility criteria included a self-reported neurologist confirmed diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease. Completeness of questionnaires was reported and 80% was considered appropriate for each measure including demographic information. Results: Response rate was 61% and missing data rate for the 121 returned questionnaires was 74%; however, of the 90 used for analysis there was 100% completion of the questionnaires. Compared to the UK government guidelines, protein was significantly higher for both males and females and fluid intake was lower for both genders (p < 0.001). There were several other differences in nutrient intake compared to guidelines. Conclusion: We observed high levels of engagement from PwP and found that assessing food and nutrient patterns in PwP was feasible. Importantly, the diet was generally healthy overall, yet there were specific nutrients that may affect medication metabolism in PwP that were found to be high. Therefore further research into this emerging and important area is warranted.

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Authors

Coe, Shelly
Spruzen, Sarah-Lynn
Sanchez, Cheyenne
Izadi, Hooshang
Dawes, Helen

Oxford Brookes departments

Department of Sport, Health Sciences and Social Work
School of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics

Dates

Year of publication: 2019
Date of RADAR deposit: 2019-11-12


Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License


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