Purpose. Drawing on chaos theory as an overarching approach, as well as guidelines from effectuation and transformative learning theories, this study evaluates the changing marketing channels in the hospitality industry in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. It also aims to develop a conceptual framework that demonstrates the transformation of the marketing structure; in particular, the transformation of hospitality organizations, employees, and customers. Design/methodology/approach. The study utilizes the hermeneutic method and conceptually evaluates the existing actors of the services marketing structure. It also discusses how to transform this structure into the new normal in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Findings. The findings of the study demonstrated that COVID-19 has resulted in changing marketing channels in the hospitality industry. These include external, internal, interactive, and substitutional marketing channels. In response to these changes, the hospitality industry needs to adopt a more transformative marketing structure that requires the transformation of hospitality companies, employees, and customers. Originality. This study utilizes chaos, effectuation, and transformative learning theories in order to reconceptualize the hospitality services marketing structure. The contribution of this paper lies in the conceptual pathways it suggests for transforming hospitality firms, employees, and customers and for demonstrating their transformed roles and positions in the wake of the pandemic. Research limitations/implications. The conceptualized transformation of the services marketing structure could help hospitality practitioners, employees, and customers to understand the new normal and acquire new abilities, meanings, awareness, and learning accordingly.
Arici, Hasan E.
Oxford School of Hospitality Management
Year of publication: 2021Date of RADAR deposit: 2021-08-06