The ER is a ubiquitous organelle that plays roles in secretory protein production, folding, quality control, and lipid biosynthesis. The cortical ER in plants is pleomorphic and structured as a tubular network capable of morphing into flat cisternae, mainly at three way junctions, and back to tubules. Plant reticulon (RTNLB) proteins tubulate the ER by dimer- and oligomerization, creating localised ER membrane tensions that result in membrane curvature. Some RTNLB ER-shaping proteins are present in the plasmodesmal (PD) proteome (Fernandez-Calvino et al., 2011) and may contribute to the formation of the desmotubule, the axial ER-derived structure that traverses primary PD (Knox et al., 2015). Here we investigate the binding partners of two PD-resident reticulon proteins, RTNLB3 and RTNLB6, that are located in primary PD at cytokinesis (Knox et al., 2015). Co-immunoprecipitation of GFP-tagged RTNLB3 and RTNLB6 followed by mass spectrometry detected a high percentage of known PD-localised proteins as well as plasma-membrane proteins with putative membrane anchoring roles. FRET-FLIM assays revealed a highly significant interaction of the detected PD proteins with the bait RTNLB proteins. Our data suggest that RTNLB proteins, in addition to a role in ER modelling, may play important roles in linking the cortical ER to the plasma membrane.
Botchway, SFrigerio, LOparka, KHawes, C
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences\Department of Biological and Medical Sciences
Year of publication: 2015Date of RADAR deposit: 2016-02-05
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