Journal Article

Detecting on-street parking spaces in smart cities: Performance evaluation of fixed and mobile sensing systems


As the number of vehicles continues to grow, parking spaces are at a premium in city streets. In addition, due to the lack of knowledge about street parking spaces, heuristic circling in the streets not only costs drivers’ time and fuel, but also increases city congestion. In the wake of the recent trend to build convenient, green and energy-efficient smart cities, common techniques adopted by high-profile smart parking systems are reviewed, and the performance of the various approaches are compared. A mobile sensing unit has been developed as an alternative to the fixed sensing approach. It is mounted on the passenger side of a car to measure the distance from the vehicle to the nearest roadside obstacle. By extracting parked vehicles’ features from the collected trace, a supervised learning algorithm has been developed to estimate roadside parking occupancy. Multiple road tests were conducted around Wheatley (Oxfordshire) and Guildford (Surrey) in the UK. In the case of accurate GPS readings, enhanced by a map matching technique, the accuracy of the system is above 90%. A quantity estimation model is derived to calculate the density of sensing units required to cover urban streets. The estimation is quantitatively compared to a fixed sensing solution. The results show that the mobile sensing approach can perform at the same level as fixed sensing solutions when accurate location information is available but substantially fewer sensors are needed compared to the fixed sensing system.

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Roman, Cristian
Liao, Ruizhi
Ball, Peter
Ou, Shumao
de Heaver, Martin

Oxford Brookes departments

Faculty of Technology, Design and Environment\School of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics


Year of publication: 2018
Date of RADAR deposit: 2018-04-09

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

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