Journal Article

Challenges and perspectives on tackling illegal or unsustainable wildlife trade

Other description

Highlights: • IUWT requires a nuanced response, there is no “one-size-fits-all” strategy. • Tools for curbing IUWT are already available. • There are gaps to be filled especially regarding regulation, enforcement, knowledge and engagement. • Tackling IUWT requires integrated solutions with multidisciplinary approach.


Illegal or unsustainable wildlife trade (IUWT) currently presents one of the most high-profile conservation challenges. There is no “one-size-fits-all” strategy, and a variety of disciplines and actors are needed for any counteractive approach to work effectively. Here, we detail common challenges faced when tackling IUWT, and we describe some available tools and technologies to curb and track IUWT (e.g. bans, quotas, protected areas, certification, captive-breeding and propagation, education and awareness). We discuss gaps to be filled in regulation, enforcement, engagement and knowledge about wildlife trade, and propose practical solutions to regulate and curb IUWT, paving the road for immediate action.

Attached files


Fukushima, Caroline S.
Tricorache, Patricia
Toomes, Adam
Stringham, Oliver C.
Rivera-Tellez, Emmanuel
Ripple, William J.
Peters, Gretchen
Orenstein, Ronald I.
Morcatty, Thais Q.
Longhorn, Stuart J.
Lee, Chien
Kumschick, Sabrina
de Freitas, Marco Antonio
Duffy, Rosaleen V.
Davies, Alisa
Cheung, Hubert
Cheyne, Susan M.
Bouhuys, Jamie
Barreiros, Joao P.
Amponsah-Mensah, Kofi
Cardos, Pedro

Oxford Brookes departments

Department of Social Sciences


Year of publication: 2021
Date of RADAR deposit: 2022-10-11

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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