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Imaginative Play and the development of socio-emotional skills: An exploration of the relationship between imaginative play and the development of socio-emotional skills

Imaginative play plays an important role in various aspects of child development. Despite, its significance, limited literature is found on ‘how’ imaginative play can contribute to the development of socio-emotional skills in young children. To explore the role of imaginative play, the relationship of imaginative play with emotional regulation, social competence, and theory of mind was investigated. A total of ten studies were thematically reviewed. These papers were selected based on directly investigating the link between imaginative play and any of the three socio-emotional skills. The findings revealed certain specific underlying factors to be involved in the development of these skills, for example, executive functioning, gender roles, cognitive and emotional mechanisms, empathy, and language. These mechanisms partly succeeded in explaining the relationship of imaginative play with socio-emotional skills, there is still no concrete evidence between the two factors. This study aims to highlight the signif…

Status: Live|Last updated:June 11, 2021 12:05 PM
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COVID-19: What impact has the Pandemic had on the psychological contract of Head Office employees at the John Lewis Partnership?

This study aims to understand the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the psychological contract of head office employees at the John Lewis Partnership. More specifically, it is the enforced move to home working that has the potential to disrupt employee and employer expectations that have been ingrained over many years. The pandemic has been considered a business experiment in terms of ways of working (Bartik et al., 2020). Therefore, it is relevant to understand what other costs there may be over and above improved financials (from an ability to reduce office space etc.), such as a deterioration in the commitments and obligations that form the psychological contract. Literature is reviewed to understand and critically analyse the concept of the psychological contract and a number of specific facets of its nature that give a picture of the value it can have. Additionally, literature is reviewed relating to working from home and covid-19, albeit the latter is limited due to the emerging nature of the pandemic.…

Status: Live|Last updated:May 28, 2021 4:57 PM
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A Phenomenological Investigation into the Lived Injury Experience of Elite Adventure and Traditional Athletes

Background: Sport injuries are typically viewed as an unavoidable component of being an elite athlete. Within physiotherapy, increasing focus is being placed on using a biopsychosocial model to understand pre- and post-injury factors. Adventure and traditional sports are different by nature and yet still sit together under the same definition of sport. Previous physiotherapy research examining injury experience is limited and has not explored differences between personal and situational factors of the athletes who partake in these differing sports. Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the impact on injury experience created by potential differences of personal and situational elements between adventure and traditional athletes. Trends were then discussed in relation to current clinical practice in physiotherapy. This study lays the foundation for future research. Method: This study uses a Hermeneutic phenomenological approach to investigate the lived experience of ten elite adventure and traditional at…

Status: Live|Last updated:May 27, 2021 2:33 PM
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How do different cognitive profiles and language backgrounds affect L2 students’ reading and spelling abilities in English?: An intervention-based study

This study presents the results of a small-scale intervention study attempted to explore the relationship between cognitive abilities and spelling and reading abilities in English by taking into consideration students’ language background. The aim is to provide educators with inclusive practices that promote multilingual students’ reading abilities. The study was conducted in an international school in Denmark with 20 multilingual students (age of the students 9-11), and consisted of three parts: a. The Identification Process, b. The Intervention Process and c. The Evaluation of the Intervention. During the Identification Process, students’ processing speed, working memory, reading and spelling abilities were assessed and parents were asked to give information for the students’ prior language experiences. Based on the results of the Identification Process, two experimental intervention groups and one control group were formed. The first experimental intervention group showed below average performance in proce…

Status: Live|Last updated:May 20, 2021 4:21 PM
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Effective support for pupils with Social Emotional and Mental Health needs at Special Educational Needs Support in mainstream secondary schools in England: Practitioner Perspectives.

Social Emotional and Mental Health (SEMH) is one of four broad areas of Special Educational Need (SEN) in the Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND) Code of Practice (DfE and DoH, 2015). This comparative case study explored practitioners’ perspectives of effective support for pupils in mainstream secondary schools with SEMH needs at SEN Support. The SEND Code of Practice states that schools must ‘use their best endeavours to make sure that a child with SEN gets the support they need – this means doing everything they can to meet children and young people’s SEN’ (DfE and DoH, 2015 p.92). It also states that schools should provide support ‘using well-evidenced interventions’ (DfE and DoH, 2015 p.97) targeted at pupil’s areas of additional need. Thirteen teachers from three mixed comprehensive secondary schools in a city in the South East of England participated in semi-structured interviews for this study over a period of 3 months in 2019. The majority of participants had roles in senior leadership, …

Status: Live|Last updated:May 20, 2021 4:21 PM
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What’s in it for us? Tutors’, tutees’ and teachers’ perceptions of outcomes in a cross-age peer tutoring project.

Peer tutoring is widely used to provide learning support or as an opportunity for learning that is different and additional to the traditional model of class teaching. The objective of this study was to explore the perceived impacts of an established cross-school, cross-age peer tutoring project – the Hamilton Primary Numeracy Project – to gain a better understanding of its impacts on participants. It was hoped that findings would inform development of future iterations of the programme. A largely interpretative approach was employed to gather research findings, before and after the 20-week programme, from ca.80 participants across 6 Oxfordshire schools. Several data collection techniques were used, including ‘Salmon’ lines, hardcopy and online questionnaires. On conclusion of the programme, audio-recorded semi-structured group interviews were used to probe areas of interest in greater depth. The constant comparative method was used to code data, from which emergent themes were identified. Themes were mapped …

Status: Live|Last updated:May 20, 2021 4:21 PM
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Does Being a Developmental State Prevent Indebtedness? Ethiopian Experience

Many African states are exploring the East Asian model developmental state in the wake of the erosion of neoliberal hegemony following the financial crisis and the rising of populist leaders in liberal countries. Meanwhile, countries regardless of their ideological affinity are facing hardship in high debt servicing and indebtedness. The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact of the developmental state on preventing indebtedness. The first chapter of the paper introduces and outlines the origins of the international and African debt and the developmental state model. The second chapter presents the argument on the neoliberal led debt-driven structural adjustments and its impact on development from a dependency theory approach. The third chapter explores a case study involving Ethiopia and its developmental state. The study reveals the developmental state's ability to prevent indebtedness is less significant. This research suggests the integration of the developing countries in the global economy is re…

Status: Live|Last updated:May 20, 2021 4:20 PM
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Gendered Terrorism: Radicalisation of Western Women in Islamic State

The purpose of this study is to explore how the gendered recruitment of IS advances the radicalisation process of Western women (those that originate from Europe, US, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand) to support violent extremism. The objectives of this research are: to explore the feminist critique on current theories of radicalisation and terrorism; to investigate the IS terrorist organisation as a case study; to identify the motivating factors that directly link to radicalisation of women in IS; and to investigate women’s agency in the political violence relative to their supportive roles in Islamist violent extremism. This study presents first the background about the issue of women’s radicalisation and then introduces the theoretical framework. This research then provides a background of the case study about the IS particularly on the radicalisation of women to support violent extremism of the Islamic State. The case study reveals that the motivations of women who take part in the IS campaign considera…

Status: Live|Last updated:May 17, 2021 11:51 AM
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International Moral Concern: A Normative Case Study of the International Criminal Court and the United States

The purpose of this study is to examine the developments in the international community that contributed to the inclusion of individuals into the moral considerations of international institutions. The objective of the research is to identify who the international community considered to be ‘worthy’ of moral consideration and how that conception helped shape a permanent international court to preserve the international normative values seen within the international community. The study begins with a theoretical exploration of normative IR theory with influences from the English School and constructivism and their association with the debates between communitarianism/cosmopolitanism, deontology/consequentialism, and pluralism/solidarism. Then, the study examines these normative trends within global governance and international human rights law. It explores the norms presented by state and non-state actors alike and their shared considerations for the wellbeing of individuals as well as the state itself. The st…

Status: Live|Last updated:May 10, 2021 2:25 PM
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Behavioural Finance: Is it important? What do the empirics suggest?

By using the adjective behavioural in the financial sphere, one wishes to refer to the science that took shape in the past twenty years of this century. Behavioural finance studies the influence of individual behaviour traits on decisions-making in the financial field and the effect of these on the market (Sewell, 2010). Undoubtedly, the spotlight on the existence of a variety of psychological factors influencing the process of decision-making has proved to be its most significant contribution to the field of economics and finance. This has clearly forced experts to question whether the individual always acts in a predictable and rational way. Therefore, behavioural finance has the task of explaining how individuals can react to certain events and aim to predict the irrational financial moves that many could possibly make (Hellmann, 2016). The literature on the subject can be distinguished between studies on anomalies within classical market theories (Bondt & Thaler, 1985); and those analysing investor’s beha…

Status: Live|Last updated:May 7, 2021 3:25 PM
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