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The role of usability engineering in the development of an intelligent decision support system

We describe the role of human factors in the development of a personalised clinical decision support system for type 1 diabetes self-management. The tool uses artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to provide insulin bolus dose advice and carbohydrate recommendations that adapt to the individual.

Type: Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 17:57
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Researching in your own voice: Making the research leap

This article suggests teachers move through stages of alienation, social acculturation, and ownership as they become research writers. This view is verified by 50 teachers who perceived research writing as less authentic than professional writing. This article describes a writing programme scaffolding the writing leap from alienation to ownership.

Type: book_section
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 15:18
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Negotiating the marketplace of comfort: Secularists confront new paradigms of death and dying in twentieth-century Britain

Secularist death in Britain had carved itself a viable place in society by the end of the nineteenth century. Whilst it had made escaping theistic services and burial possible for its own adherents it did not move forward into a ‘promised land’ of widely practiced secular and secularist approaches to death. Christianity and other non-rational approaches to death rapidly remade their messages about death and the hereafter and created a ‘marketplace of comfort’ where they hoped to attract adherents with new types of theological and philosophical offering. Secularists had to adapt to this new world and by the end of the 20th century had themselves grasped the essence of what the ‘marketplace of comfort’ could provide. In doing so the actively rational message in secular funeral provision began to be less important than the satisfactory and flexible forms of comfort it could offer to individuals.

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 14:33
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Naturally artificial: The Pre-Raphaelite garden enclosed

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 13:14
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Development of social enterprises in rural island tourism in China = 中国海岛乡村旅游的社会企业发展

This paper discussed the major development stages of social enterprises (SEs) in rural island tourism in China. The authors established a conceptual framework with which to analyze the key factors affecting development under the context of Chinese social and economic institution. Informed by the SE life cycle model, the study adopted a case study approach with the Boxue Eco Village on Hainan Island as the case. Data were collected through in-depth interviews, focus group interviews, and observations. Institutional characteristics at every stage, including entrepreneurial, collectivity, standardization, and refinement, were analyzed. Based on the specificity of SE of rural tourism in this case, the authors summarized the influencing factors that shaped the development process of the enterprises. First-hand data were collected through interviews with entrepreneurs, management staff, villagers, and other stakeholders. The model was modified according to the research results, and provides a more integrated model …

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 13:12
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From social interaction to ethical AI: a developmental roadmap

AI and robot ethics have recently gained a lot of attention because adaptive machines are increasingly involved in ethically sensitive scenarios and cause incidents of public outcry. Much of the debate has been focused on achieving highest moral standards in handling ethical dilemmas on which not even humans can agree, which indicates that the wrong questions are being asked. We suggest to address this ethics debate strictly through the lens of what behavior seems socially acceptable, rather than idealistically ethical. Learning such behavior puts the debate into the very heart of developmental robotics. This paper poses a roadmap of computational and experimental questions to address the development of socially acceptable machines. We emphasize the need for social reward mechanisms and learning architectures that integrate these while reaching beyond limitations of plain reinforcement learning agents. We suggest to use the metaphor of “needs” to bridge rewards and higher level abstractions such as goals for …

Type: Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 13:09
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Depictions of the “ideal child” in nineteenth-century British literature and legislature

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 13:08
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Struggling writers in elementary school: Capturing drivers of performance

Conceptualising the difficulties experienced by struggling writers in middle elementary school is of both theoretical and practical importance. To further our understanding of the problems experienced by struggling writers we aimed to identify the writing measure which best discriminated struggling writers from their peers, and the proximal and distal factors which which contributed to performance. The performance of 96 students (Mean age 0;4), 39 of whom were independently identified as struggling writers using a norm referenced standardised test, was examined at word, sentence, and text level. Standardised measures of transcription, oral language and working memory were collected. The extent to which independent product and process writing measures accurately identified the students was tested using ROC analyses. The skills which underpinned performance were examined using regression analyses and path analysis. Written sentence generation was the most sensitive and specific measure to identify struggling wr…

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 13:06
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Religious conversion, transformative experience, and disagreement

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 12:53
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