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Optimising trait and source selection for explaining occurrence and abundance changes: a case study using British Butterflies

1. Functional traits that define the ecological role of an organism are increasingly being used to determine and predict responses to environmental change. Functional trait analyses of butterflies remain underexplored compared with other taxa, such as plants. Previous works using butterfly functional traits have not comprehensively addressed issues about the quality of trait data sets used and the relative predictive power of different trait types. 2. We compare the consistency of trait descriptions between six widely used trait sources for the British butterfly fauna. We analysed consistency of trait sources using Fleiss’s kappa and ICC. PCA was used to produce species ordinations, comparing outputs to examine which trait sets were better at explaining recent species range and abundance changes within the UK. 3. There was a large range in congruence values for specific traits between sources. No single source can be relied upon to produce accurate trait information for British butterflies. Most trait sets ar…

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:23 February 2018 16:52
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From Romanian "soul" to English "heart": Dilemmas of cultural and gender representation in translating qualitative data

In this article I argue that translation in cross-cultural research leads to the construction of a certain linguistic hierarchy, wherein the English language subordinates the Romanian language. I illustrate my arguments with examples from 47 qualitative interviews with Scottish and Romanian fathers on the topic of love. To situate this argument, I describe how in my role as an Anglo-Romanian bilingual interpreter I inadvertently contributed to the creation of this hierarchy. This happened through translation as I was fitting Romanian into English to disseminate the meanings, values and emotions, of Romanian fathers to a primarily English-speaking audience. At the same time by employing emotional reflexivity and focusing on gender matters in the context of shared responsibility of constructing knowledge, I resolved some linguistic tensions. Paradoxically, by carrying emotional meanings across into another language, there is the main positive consequence of moving the focus in research from the center to the ma…

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:23 February 2018 15:14
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Shifting perspectives: Becoming a feminist researcher while studying fatherhood and love

In family studies, writing from the heart is a political gesture. In this paper I present some reflections on the process of researching fatherhood, and through this example foreground the analytical connections between family and feminist methodologies. The aim of my doctoral research, on which I base this manuscript, was understanding how involved fathers experience love for their children in two different socio-political contexts, those of Romania and Scotland. I chose these two locations to understand if certain ways of feeling travel from the Western to the Eastern part of Europe. However, these two locations also represent the place of my birth (Romania) and of my work (Scotland). Travelling between them has shaped how I approached my research design and influenced how I re-constructed the social world of fathers during the stages of data collection and analysis. In this process, as a researcher I experienced some setbacks as I was writing, because personal memories of my family relationships rose to th…

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:23 February 2018 15:04
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Afterword. Moving Objects: Emotional Transformation, Tangibility, and Time-Travel

Type: book_section
Status: Live|Last updated:23 February 2018 14:23
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Ali Smith

Type: book_section
Status: Live|Last updated:23 February 2018 14:19
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Constructing the Cult of the Criminal: Kate Webster - Victorian Murderess and Media Sensation

Type: book_section
Status: Live|Last updated:23 February 2018 14:03
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New technological path creation and the role of institutions in different geo-political spaces

This paper analyses the roles of institutions in facilitating or impeding the creation of new technological pathways in different countries. It is argued that the successful invention, innovation and diffusion of new technologies require the co-evolution of relevant institutions. It is argued that informal institutions, through their impact on people’s beliefs, perceptions and consequential behaviour, crucially influence whether formal institutions coevolve with technological development and changing circumstances. At the same time, the rigidity of the pre-existing formal institutional arrangements impacts on whether agents can stimulate their co-evolution with the introduction of new technologies. These arguments are explored by comparing the creation of new wind power technologies in Britain and Germany since the 1970s.

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:22 February 2018 15:19
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Interdisciplinary enquiry into learning and teaching: Lessons from Geography

Type: book_section
Status: Live|Last updated:22 February 2018 15:03
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Bearing Grudges: Marriage and the Inter-generational Family

Type: book_section
Status: Live|Last updated:22 February 2018 14:39
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