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Words about the picture: Material and metaphor in Dante Gabriel Rossetti’s inscribed picture frames

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:16 October 2018 13:02
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Der Wandel der Hexenvorstellung vom 15. Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:16 October 2018 12:17
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A randomised controlled trial of a walking training with simultaneous cognitive demand (dual task) in chronic stroke

Objective. To evaluate the tolerability of, adherence to and efficacy of a community walking training programme with simultaneous cognitive demand (dual‐task) compared to a control walking training programme without cognitive distraction. Methods. Adult stroke survivors, at least 6 months after stroke with a visibly obvious gait abnormality or reduced two‐minute walk distance were included into a 2‐arm parallel randomized controlled trial of complex intervention with blinded assessments. Participants received a 10 week, bi‐weekly, 30 minutes treadmill program at an aerobic training intensity (55‐85% heart rate maximum), either with, or without simultaneous cognitive demands. Outcome measured at 0, 11 and 22 weeks. Primary: two‐minute‐walk tests with and without cognitive distraction, dual task effect on walking and cognition; secondary: SF‐36, EuroQol‐5D‐5L, Physical Activity Scale for Elderly (PASE), and step activity. Results. Fifty stroke patients were included, 43 received allocated training and 45 comple…

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:16 October 2018 11:57
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Hypothyroidism in utero stimulates pancreatic beta cell proliferation and hyperinsulinaemia in the ovine fetus during late gestation

Development of pancreatic beta cell mass before birth is essential for normal growth of the fetus and for long-term control of carbohydrate metabolism in postnatal life. Thyroid hormones are also important regulators of fetal growth, and the present study tested the hypotheses that thyroid hormones promote beta cell proliferation in the fetal ovine pancreatic islets, and that growth retardation in hypothyroid fetal sheep is associated with reductions in pancreatic beta cell mass and circulating insulin concentration in utero. Organ growth and pancreatic islet cell proliferation and mass were examined in sheep fetuses following removal of the thyroid gland in utero. The effects of T3, insulin and leptin on beta cell proliferation rates were determined in isolated fetal ovine pancreatic islets in vitro. Hypothyroidism in the sheep fetus resulted in an asymmetric pattern of organ growth, pancreatic beta cell hyperplasia, and elevated plasma insulin and leptin concentrations. In pancreatic islets isolated from in…

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:16 October 2018 10:33
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The John Clare copyright: 1820-2000

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:16 October 2018 10:06
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The creation and protection of history through the prism of international criminal justice in Al Mahdi

This article examines the role that international criminal justice plays, firstly in creating history, and secondly in protecting history. With regards to the former function, history, in terms of historical truths and narratives are frequent casualties of war and so the first major thread of this discussion outlines the historiography of international criminal law through the prism of the illustrative case of Al Mahdi before the International Criminal Court. In other words this paper aims to set out an overview of the methods, processes and policies by which international criminal justice develops historico-legal narratives that attempt to get at the truth and protect the past from false or distorted narratives. With regards to the latter function, history, in terms of cultural heritage may often be destroyed in order to destroy the identity and even the existence of a people. Accordingly, the second major thread of this discussion is that when it comes to memorialising the significance of cultural property …

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:16 October 2018 10:06
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Etiological challenges to religious practices

There is a common assumption that evolutionary explanations of religion undermine religious beliefs. Do etiological accounts similarly affect the rationality of religious practices? To answer this question, this paper looks at two influential evolutionary accounts of ritual, the hazard-precaution model and costly signaling theory. It examines whether Cuneo’s account of ritual knowledge as knowing to engage God can be maintained in the light of these evolutionary accounts. While the evolutionary accounts under consideration are not metaphysically incompatible with the idea that religious rituals engage God, they cast doubt on whether many, if not all, rituals can do this successfully.

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:16 October 2018 10:02
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Predicting walking and cycling behaviour change using an extended theory of planned behaviour

Introduction: The psychological predictors of behaviour change may differ from the predictors of engaging in behaviour, and there is limited evidence on the associations between psychological constructs and changes in physical activity behaviours such as walking and cycling. This study of observational cohort data examined whether an extended version of the Theory of Planned Behaviour (eTPB) predicted change in walking and cycling for transport and recreation using a population-based sample of adults from three UK municipalities. Methods: We used baseline, 1-year and 2-year follow-up data from the XXXX study. Nine psychological constructs from the eTPB as well as weekly time spent (i) walking and (ii) cycling, each (i) for transport and (ii) for recreation, were self-reported at all time points. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine associations between baseline eTPB constructs and (i) increases and (ii) decreases in the four behavioural outcomes, adjusted for socio-demographic characteristics. …

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:16 October 2018 09:46
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"Pre-activity movement control exercise programme to prevent injuries in youth rugby": some concerns

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:16 October 2018 09:37
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Lightning injuries in Northern Ireland

Introduction: Lightning injuries are uncommon with scarce reports detailing incidence and local experience. We present a case study of three patients involved in a single lightning strike in Northern Ireland with a review of the incidence of similar injuries in the province. Methods: Data from TORRO’s National Lightning Incidents Database between 1987 and 2016 (30 years) were searched to identify victims of lightning injuries in Northern Ireland. Information on three patients with lightning injuries that were managed in our regional burns and plastic surgery service was collected and examined. A supplementary search in hospital records was conducted for the last 20 years to identify additional data. Results: Prior to our study, six victims of lightning injuries were identified from the database, of which five survived and one died. Our three patients comprised of two children and one accompanying adult. All of them survived however the adult suffered cardiac arrest and required a prolonged period of cardiopul…

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:16 October 2018 09:37
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