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A relationship between brainstem auditory evoked potential and vagal control of heart rate in adult women

Numerous studies have investigated the connection between autonomic control of heart rate (HR) and auditory stimulus. Yet, the literature lacks evidence of a close association between auditory brainstem processing and HR autonomic control. We aimed to evaluate and verify the relationship between auditory brainstem response (ABR) and HR variability (HRV) in healthy women. Forty‑six healthy female subjects, between the ages of 18 and 30 years old participated in the study. They were subjected to an audiometry examination, followed by rest for 10 minutes for HR recording. Next, ABR evaluation was completed discretely in both ears, with I, III and V wave components. Linear regression revealed that the root‑mean square of differences between adjacent normal RR intervals (RMSSD) and the triangular interpolation of RR interval (TINN) exhibited a significant association with Wave I in the right ear. These variables contributed to 28.2% (R²) of Wave I. In conclusion, there was a significant interaction between the aut…

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:18 February 2019 13:56
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Implicit social associations for geometric-shape agents more strongly influenced by visual form than by explicitly identified social actions

Studies of infants' and adults' social cognition frequently use geometric-shape agents such as coloured squares and circles, but the influence of agent visual-form on social cognition has been little investigated. Here, although adults gave accurate explicit descriptions of interactions between geometric-shape aggressors and victims, implicit association tests for dominance and valence did not detect tendencies to encode the shapes’ social attributes on an implicit level. With regard to valence, the lack of any systematic implicit associations precludes conclusive interpretations. With regard to dominance, participants implicitly associated a yellow square as more dominant than a blue circle, even when the true relationship was the reverse of this and was correctly explicitly described by participants. Therefore, although explicit dominance judgements were strongly influenced by observed behaviour, implicit dominance associations were more clearly influenced by preconceived associations between visual form an…

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:18 February 2019 13:32
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The Spy Chiefs of Renaissance Venice: Intelligence Leadership in the Early Modern World

This chapter appears in the second of two volumes edited by Christopher Moran, Mark Stout, Ioanna Iordanou and Paul Maddrell: Spy Chiefs: Volume 1 Intelligence Leaders in the United States and United Kingdom and Spy Chiefs: Volume 2 Intelligence Leaders in Europe, the Middle East, and Asia

Type: book_section
Status: Live|Last updated:18 February 2019 12:11
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Staging rhetorical vividness in "Coriolanus"

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:18 February 2019 10:31
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Selfhood and "nostalgia:" Sensory and material memories of the childhood house in late Georgian Britain

Focusing on autobiographies written from the 1790s to the 1820s, this article demonstrates that material, emotional, and sensorial memories of the childhood house and its location were integral to constructions of self. Firstly, it traces the interplay between prevailing cultural forms, family memory, and identity, and proposes that these changed over time, shaped by cultural, social and economic factors. Secondly, in analysing these personal memories, it contributes to the debates around the meanings of the ‘emotional disposition’ of nostalgia, arguing that it was central to the formation of both national culture and individual selfhood.

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:18 February 2019 10:25
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Tradition and rural modernity in Mary Webb’s Shropshire: Precious Bane in context

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:18 February 2019 10:22
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Flying solo: Elevating student sound engineers into responsible work experience roles at live music events

The role of live sound mixer is somewhat akin to piloting an aeroplane full of passengers: you are in control of the outcome for a number of people for a certain time, and must take in a lot of sensory information, process and act upon it using highly technical controls and equipment. Work experience students at live events often work up to this role and have to undertake more menial tasks such as running cables, moving loudspeakers and other equipment, loading vans and trucks; even on a long-term placement. However, by taking the lead from pilot training where the learner takes the controls under supervision of a more experienced professional pilot, student sound engineers can assume control of a live mix with an audience present while benefitting from the guidance of a professional. This article discusses such an approach in the context of its place within or alongside the curriculum.

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:18 February 2019 10:16
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"Més que un joc?": Sport and contemporary political nationalism in Scotland and Catalonia

This article focuses upon two contexts which have arguably received the most academic and media attention with regards to the interconnection between sport and secessionist nationalism, Scotland and Catalonia, given that both ‘submerged nations’ have held public referenda on the topic of independence / secession from the states of the United Kingdom and Spain, respectively. The analysis endeavours to draw parallels between the two contexts in order to critically examine the extent to which similarities and differences are evident in terms of the growth of political nationalism. Finally, the central discussion outlines the extent to which sport contributed to broader political developments in the recent campaigns for the establishment of independent Scottish and Catalan states, focusing upon the actions of prominent sporting personalities and organisations.

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:18 February 2019 10:14
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The role of inclusive development and military expenditure in modulating the effect of terrorism on governance

Purpose. The study investigates the role of inclusive human development and military expenditure in modulating the effect of terrorism on governance. Design/methodology/approach. It is based on 53 African countries for the period 1998-2012 and interactive Generalised Method of Moments is employed. Six governance indicators from the World Bank and two terrorism variables are used, namely: domestic and transnational terrorism dynamics. Findings. The following main findings are established. There is a negative net effect on governance (regulation quality and corruption-control) when inclusive human development is used to reduce terrorism. There is a positive net impact on governance (“voice and accountability” and rule of law) when military expenditure is used to reduce domestic terrorism. Originality/value. We have complemented the sparse literature on the use of policy variables to mitigate the effect of policy syndromes on macroeconomic outcomes.

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:18 February 2019 10:11
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Quantitative analysis of plant ER architecture and dynamics

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a highly dynamic polygonal membrane network composed of interconnected tubules and sheets (cisternae) that forms the first compartment in the secretory pathway involved in protein translocation, folding, glycosylation, quality control, lipid synthesis, calcium signalling, and metabolon formation. Despite its central role in this plethora of biosynthetic, metabolic and physiological processes, there is little quantitative information on ER structure, morphology or dynamics. Here we describe a software package (AnalyzER) to automatically extract ER tubules and cisternae from multi-dimensional fluorescence images of plant ER. The structure, topology, protein-localisation patterns, and dynamics are automatically quantified using spatial, intensity and graph-theoretic metrics. We validate the method against manually-traced ground-truth networks, and calibrate the sub-resolution width estimates against ER profiles identified in serial block-face SEM images. We apply the approach to…

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:18 February 2019 10:09
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