Standard | Images | Videos
1 to 10 of 30,194

“The sense of an ending”: Utopia in the Anthropocene

Ulrich Beck, in his article, “Climate for Change” of 2010, suggested that in the face of “climate breakdown” (George Monbiot), “something historically new can emerge, namely a cosmopolitan vision in which people see themselves … as part of an endangered world …”. This paper will reflect on the possibility and impossibility of utopianism in the Anthropocene and ask the question if utopia is possible in the Anthropocene? It will take into consideration recent debates around utopia and the Anthropocene and look at four literary examples from Germany, Norway, England and the US.

Status: Live|Last updated:July 19, 2019 3:51 PM
zero star rating average
0 comments

The Osteoarthritis Thumb Therapy Trial (OTTER II): A study protocol for a three arm multi centre randomised placebo controlled trial of the clinical effectiveness and efficacy and cost effectiveness of splints for symptomatic thumb base osteoarthritis

Introduction. The economic cost of osteoarthritis (OA) is high. At least 4.4 million people have hand OA in the UK. Symptomatic thumb base OA affects 20% of people over 55 years, causing more pain, work and functional disability than OA elsewhere in the hand. Most evidence-based guidelines recommend splinting for hand OA. Splints that support or immobilise the thumb base are routinely used despite there being limited evidence on their effectivenss. The potential effects of placebo interventions in OA are acknowledged, but few studies investigate the clinical efficacy of rehabilitation interventions nor the impact of any placebo effects associated with splints. Methods and Analysis. Participants aged 30 years and over with symptomatic thumb base OA will be recruited into the trial from secondary care occupational therapy and physiotherapy centres. Following informed consent, participants will complete a baseline questionnaire and then be randomised into one of three treatment arms: a self-management programme,…

Status: Live|Last updated:July 19, 2019 3:23 PM
zero star rating average
0 comments

Experiences of black and minority ethnic (BME) students in higher education: Applying self-determination theory to understand the BME attainment gap

British university students from black and minority ethnic (BME) backgrounds are less likely to achieve a ‘good’ degree classification than white students, despite taking prior attainment into account. To examine this gap, the current study conducted focus groups with 17 BME students studying health and social care related subjects to understand their experiences of learning and teaching. This was theoretically informed by self-determination theory, which proposes that achieving one’s full potential for learning, alongside experience of wellbeing, is supported by environments that help individuals to meet their needs for relatedness, competence, and autonomy. Thematic analysis revealed that BME students encountered many obstacles that inhibited their experience of fulfilment of these three needs, which often undermined their initial desire to achieve their full potential. The findings are discussed in light of how universities can support BME students to achieve their full potential, and in doing so, address …

Status: Live|Last updated:July 19, 2019 2:26 PM
zero star rating average
0 comments

Reducing the risk of failure by deliberate weaknesses

The deliberate weaknesses are points of weakness towards which a potential failure is channelled in order to limit the magnitude of the consequences from failure. The paper shows that reducing risk by deliberate weaknesses is a powerful domain-independent method which transcends mechanical engineering and works in various unrelated areas of human activity. A classification has been proposed of categories and classes of deliberate weaknesses reducing risk as well as discussion related to the underlying mechanisms of risk reduction. It is shown that introducing and repositioning existing weaknesses is an effective risk-reduction strategy which transcends engineering and can be applied in many unrelated domains. The paper shows that in the case where the cost of failure of the separate components in a system varies significantly, an approach based on deliberate weaknesses has a significant advantage to the equal-reliability/equal-strength design approach.

Status: Live|Last updated:July 19, 2019 2:01 PM
zero star rating average
0 comments

The embodied penman: Effector-specific motor-language integration during handwriting

Several studies have yielded fine-grained insights on the embodied dynamics of language by revealing how processing of manual action verbs (MaVs) affects the programming or execution of concurrent hand movements. However, virtually all extant studies have relied on highly contrived dual tasks in which independent motoric and linguistic processes are arbitrarily related. To circumvent potential attentional confounds, we conducted the first assessment of motor-language integration during handwriting, an early acquired skill that necessarily integrates both types of processes. Using a digital pen, participants copied carefully matched MaVs, non-manual action verbs, and non-action verbs as we collected measures of motor programming (the time needed to start the writing routine after verb presentation) and motor execution (the time needed to write the whole verb). Whereas motor programming latencies were similar across conditions, the unfolding of motor routines was faster for MaVs than for the other two categorie…

Status: Live|Last updated:July 19, 2019 11:54 AM
zero star rating average
0 comments

Non-invasive aesthetic medical tourism in Bangkok: a qualitative analysis of stakeholder risk

Medical tourism is a niche market. Non-invasive aesthetic medical tourism is a type of cosmetic medical tourism with no surgery involved. This type of global interconnection is a relatively new phenomenon within the context of the current sphere of internationalism, thus explaining why few have explored the economic and health factors in a deeper context than simply a cost/ benefit analysis. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to investigate how risk of stakeholders may act as a barrier to the development of aesthetic medical tourism, and to establish how competitive advantage may be sustained in Bangkok. Semi-structured interviews with 15 non-invasive aesthetic clinic owners, 25 English-speaking international tourist-patients, and five government representatives have been conducted in Bangkok. The findings from fieldwork were coded and analysed thematically using a framework derived from the literature review. This research identified six factors related to Thailand's competitiveness and six barriers …

Status: Live|Last updated:July 19, 2019 11:27 AM
zero star rating average
0 comments

Benefits of class tests and continuous assessment in higher education mathematics

There is a general interest in providing a wide range of forms of assessment in order to improve the performance on metrics such as the National Student Survey (NSS) and the Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF). Hence, there has been a growing pressure on staff to innovate on teaching and learning in general. This paper considers the option of continuous assessment and its impact on student's performance, attendance and workload based on a quantitative and qualitative analysis. A study-case based on undergraduate students of Mathematical Sciences will be presented. In a two-semester module, we used the compulsory logbook component to change its assessment method for each semester, and compared continuous assessment throughout the second semester versus single-submission at the end of the first semester. We analysed the correlation between exam results, logbook marks for each semester, class test and written assignments and student attendance, and we examined student views from a survey distributed at the end o…

Status: Live|Last updated:July 19, 2019 11:08 AM
zero star rating average
0 comments

Maths anxiety: Further complicated by spreadsheet shock?

This paper offers an augmentation to the work of Smailes and Heyman (2018) and Farjadpour and Fresneda-Portillo (2018). Smailes and Heyman (2018) considered techniques for teaching mathematics to non-mathematicians (e.g. business programmes) whilst Farjadpour and Fresneda-Portillo (2018) considered mathematics anxiety. What was particularly salient about the latter study was that it involved undergraduate mathematics students. This struck a particular chord with the first presenter: if mathematics anxiety occurred in students choosing this as a specialism, what additional impacts could be occurring within Business based cohorts? Are there further complexities that require consideration within these cohorts? For example, past experience indicates that the advent of technologies, in this case spreadsheets, can be both a blessing and a curse. Hesse and Hesse-Scerno (2009) posit that spreadsheets have changed the world and suggest that they have potentially saved some mathematics based business curricula. Spreads…

Status: Live|Last updated:July 19, 2019 11:08 AM
zero star rating average
0 comments

Life balance of mothers of children with cerebral palsy

Purpose: Having the child with Cerebral palsy is a very stressful experience for the family that could affect daily patterns and routines, habits, needs and occupational performances of all family members specially mothers. This study aimed to investigate life balance of mothers of children with Cerebral palsy (MCCPs) based on the Life Balance Model. Method: Fifty MCCPs aged 3 to 9 years with sample convenient method participated in this descriptive and cross-sectional study. The Severity of cerebral palsy was determined by Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) and the life balance of mothers was evaluated by Persian version of the LBI (P_LBI). The collected data were evaluated and analyzed using SPSS software. Results: The total mean score of LBI and its subscales showed that there is no balanced or very balanced life in mothers and they could be categorized to unbalanced (n = 21) and very unbalanced (n = 29). The total mean score of LBI was 1.46. …

Status: Live|Last updated:July 19, 2019 10:35 AM
zero star rating average
0 comments

A novel motif retains Arabidopsis ER-α-mannosidase I in the cis-Golgi and prevents enhanced glycoprotein ERAD

The Arabidopsis ER-α-mannosidase I (MNS3) generates an oligomannosidic N-glycan structure that is characteristically found on ER-resident glycoproteins. The enzyme itself has so far not been detected in the ER. Here, we provide evidence that in plants MNS3 exclusively resides in the Golgi apparatus at steady-state. Notably, MNS3 remains on dispersed punctate structures when subjected to different approaches that commonly result in the relocation of Golgi enzymes to the ER. Responsible for this rare behavior is a novel amino acid signal motif (LPYS) within the cytoplasmic tail of MNS3 that acts as a specific Golgi retention signal. This retention is a means to spatially separate MNS3 from ER-localized mannose trimming steps that generate the glycan signal required for flagging terminally misfolded glycoproteins for ERAD. The physiological importance of the very specific MNS3 localization is demonstrated here by means of a structurally impaired variant of the brassinosteroid receptor BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIV…

Status: Live|Last updated:July 19, 2019 10:05 AM
zero star rating average
0 comments