Background: Previous research suggests that adults with Developmental Coordination
Disorder (DCD) report lower general wellbeing and higher general anxiety levels than
typically developing (TD) adults.
Aims: To examine and explore relationships between anxiety and confidence (self-efficacy
and resilience) generally and in a movement-specific context, along with self-concept among
adults with DCD and TD adults.
Methods: 74 adults with diagnosed DCD, 26 adults with suspected DCD and 79 TD adults
(18-60 years) completed an online questionnaire composed of a mixture of existent
psychometric measures and novel scales.
Results: General and movement-specific anxiety, self-efficacy and general resilience were all
poorer in adults with diagnosed and suspected DCD compared to TD adults. Higher
resilience was related to higher self-efficacy and lower anxiety in adults with DCD. Individuals with suspected DCD for whom motor skills difficulties were an important aspect
of their self-concept had lower movement-specific self-efficacy.
Conclusions: Interventions to improve the psychosocial wellbeing of adults with DCD should
include a focus on lowering anxiety and building self-efficacy and resilience, with particular
attention to movement-related domains.
Implications: This would facilitate the effective development of strategies to manage motor
skills difficulties and their impact on everyday life for adults with DCD.
Harris, SophieWilmut, Kate
Department of Psychology, Health and Professional Development
Year of publication: 2021Date of RADAR deposit: 2021-10-21