Introduction: There is substantial evidence to support the relationship between transcription skills (handwriting and spelling) and compositional quality. For children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) handwriting can be particularly challenging. While recent research has aimed to investigate their handwriting difficulties in more detail, the impact of transcription on their compositional quality has not previously been examined. The aim of this exploratory study was to examine compositional quality in children with DCD and to ascertain whether their transcription skills influence writing quality.
Method: Twenty eight children with DCD participated in the study, with 28 typically developing (TD) age and gender matched controls. The children completed the ‘free writing’ task from the Detailed Assessment of Speed of Handwriting (DASH), which was evaluated for compositional quality using the Wechsler Objective Language Dimensions (WOLD).
Results: The children with DCD performed significantly below their TD peers on 5 of the 6 WOLD items. They also had a higher percentage of misspelled words. Regression analyses indicated that the number of words produced per minute and the percentage of misspelled words explained 55% of the variance for compositional quality.
Conclusion: The handwriting difficulties so commonly reported in children with DCD have wider repercussions for the quality of written composition.
Prunty, MBarnett, AWilmut, KPlumb, M
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences\Department of Psychology, Social Work and Public Health
Year of publication: 2016Date of RADAR deposit: 2016-05-03