The application of machine learning (ML) has made an unprecedented change in the field of medicine, showing a significant potential to automate tasks and to achieve objectives that are closer to human cognitive capabilities. Human gait, in particular, is a series of continuous metabolic interactions specific for humans. The need for an intelligent recognition of dynamic changes of gait enables physicians in clinical practice to early identify impaired gait and to reach proper decision making. Because of the underlying complexity of the biological system, it can be difficult to create an accurate detection and analysis of imbalanced gait. This paper proposes a novel Criticality Analysis (CA) methodology as a feasible method to extract the dynamic interactions involved in human gait. This allows a useful scale-free representation of multivariate dynamic data in a nonlinear representation space. To quantify the effectiveness of the CA methodology, a Support Vector Machine (SVM) algorithm is implemented in order to identify the nonlinear relationships and high-order interactions between multiple gait data variables. The gait features extracted from the CA method were used for training and testing the SVM algorithm. The simulation results of this paper show that the implemented SVM model with the support of the CA method increases the accuracy and enhances the efficiency of gait analysis to extremely high levels. Therefore, it can perform as a robust classification tool for detection of dynamic disturbances of biological data patterns and creates a tremendous opportunity for clinical diagnosis and rehabilitation.
olde Scheper, Tjeerd V.
School of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics
Year of publication: 2022Date of RADAR deposit: 2023-03-27