Journal Article

A set of 99 healthy city indicators for application in urban planning and design


Despite much interest in healthy, sustainable cities, currently they are often on themargins of urban planning and design, not the centre. Part of the reason for this istechnical. Many planners are interested in designing healthier cities but wonder howto link their objectives with actions. This study develops 99 indicators for a healthycity. The basis for the development of indicators was the 11 objectives of a healthycity according to the World Health Organisation. Application of these indicatorshelps push healthy city objectives to the centre of urban planning and design in twoways: (I) the indicators can show gap with each objective; and (II) monitoring the indi-cators over time can show the performance of solutions for each objective. It is pos-sible to explore synergies and trade-offs between the 11 objectives of healthy citiesby examining the relationships between their 99 indicators. Trade-offs betweenhealthy city objectives in some contexts might require local adjustment of theseobjectives. This, in turn, would require adjustment of their indicators. Thus, the set of99 indicators can be used as a starting point in an iterative process of adaptinghealthy city objectives and indicators to local circumstances.

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Ziafati Bafarasat, Abbas
Cheshmehzangia, Ali
Ankowska, Ania

Oxford Brookes departments

School of the Built Environment


Year of publication: 2023
Date of RADAR deposit: 2023-01-06

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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