This paper presents a 65nm CMOS low-power, highly linear variable gain amplifier (VGA) suitable for biomedical applications. Typical biological signal amplitudes are in the 0.5-100mV range, and therefore require circuits with a wide dynamic range. Existing VGA architectures mostly exhibit a poor linearity, due to very low local feedback loopgain. A technique to increase the loop-gain has been explored by adding additional feedback to the tail current source of the input differential pair. Stability analysis of the proposed technique was undertaken with pole-zero analysis. A prototype of Analog Front End (AFE) has been designed to provide 25-50dB gain, and post-layout simulations showed a 15dB reduction in the harmonic distortion for 20mV pk-pk input signal compared to the conventional architecture. The circuit occupies 3,108μm2 silicon area and consumes 0.43μA from a 1.2V power supply.
Nagulapalli, RajasekharHayatleh, KhaledBarker, Steve
School of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics
Year of publication: 2019Date of RADAR deposit: 2019-08-09