Journal Article

Conservation Theory in the 21st century: slow evolution or a paradigm shift?


The prevailing philosophies and world view of 19th century Europe, the Arts and Crafts Movement, the writings of William Morris and John Ruskin, amongst others, came to define a conservation movement that shaped conservation practices in years to come. These philosophies, influenced by romanticism and rationalism also underpin what became known as modern conservation in the 20th century and are embedded in numerous international charters and conventions, including the World Heritage Convention. In the 21st century heritage conservation has become a truly global concern, as heritage is commercialised like never before and threatened like never before. This paper questions whether the established theories of conservation are still relevant to an expanding remit and changing demands of building conservation in the global context of the 21st Century. It argues that established conservation principles and the tools that support them are woefully ill-equipped to respond to rapidly shifting attitudes globally and the management structures that have emerged out of neo-liberal outlooks.

Attached files


Orba?li, Aylin

Oxford Brookes departments

Faculty of Technology, Design and Environment\School of Architecture


Year of publication: 2017
Date of RADAR deposit: 2017-08-23

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

Related resources

This RADAR resource is the Accepted Manuscript of Conservation Theory in the 21st century: slow evolution or a paradigm shift?


  • Owner: Joseph Ripp
  • Collection: Outputs
  • Version: 1 (show all)
  • Status: Live
  • Views (since Sept 2022): 140