This research investigated the effects of gluten free diet (GFD) on nutritional intake, glycaemic and insulin response. In a cross-sectional study, participants who consumed gluten-containing diet (GCD; n=11) and GFD (n=11) completed a food diary, blood glucose and insulin measurements. In a pre-post intervention study (n= 11), glycaemic and insulin responses were tested before and after four weeks of a GFD. Food intake was recorded before and after two weeks. No significant differences in nutrient intake, glycaemic or insulin responses were found in the cross-sectional study. In the intervention study, there was a significant reduction in body weight (p=0.007) and body mass index (BMI) (p=0.004) after four weeks and lower thiamine intake (p=0.021) after two weeks of GFD. Glycaemic response was significantly higher (p<0.05) following GFD with no differences in insulin response. These differences were not evident if GFD was followed for a longer period, possibly due to improved food choices.
Goddard, LucyBegovich, LinaTokic, IvaClegg, Miriam E.Thondre, Pariyarath Sangeetha
Department of Sport, Health Sciences and Social Work
Year of publication: 2021Date of RADAR deposit: 2021-09-20
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