This article examines the role that Third Sector Organizations (TSOs) play in supporting refugees’ access the labor market in England. TSOs’ practices are conceptualized through the notion of ‘bottom-up’ solidarity. Data gathered through interviews with refugees and representatives from charities, social enterprises and public authorities are used to identify how TSO actors enact bottom-up solidarity and, in turn, facilitate refugees’ labor market integration. The findings show how labor market transition is built on the transformation of refugees’ wider circumstances. Data also demonstrates how the creation of direct employment opportunities, coupled with intermediation and trust brokerage, and alongside episodic and extended coaching, is key to enacting ‘bottom-up’ solidarity.
Della Croce, Maria
Oxford Brookes Business SchoolSchool of Law
Year of publication: 2023Date of RADAR deposit: 2022-12-13