Journal Article

Enacting ‘bottom-up’ solidarity in refugees’ labor market integration in England


This article examines the role that Third Sector Organizations (TSOs) play in supporting refugees’ access the labor market in England. TSOs’ practices are conceptualized through the notion of ‘bottom-up’ solidarity. Data gathered through interviews with refugees and representatives from charities, social enterprises and public authorities are used to identify how TSO actors enact bottom-up solidarity and, in turn, facilitate refugees’ labor market integration. The findings show how labor market transition is built on the transformation of refugees’ wider circumstances. Data also demonstrates how the creation of direct employment opportunities, coupled with intermediation and trust brokerage, and alongside episodic and extended coaching, is key to enacting ‘bottom-up’ solidarity.

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Morano-Foadi, Sonia
Lugosi, Peter
Della Croce, Maria

Oxford Brookes departments

Oxford Brookes Business School
School of Law


Year of publication: 2023
Date of RADAR deposit: 2022-12-13

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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