Journal Article

Active learning increases knowledge and understanding of wildlife friendly farming in middle school students in Java, Indonesia


The main objective of environmental education is to promote pro-environmental behaviors; increasing knowledge and understanding are the first steps. Active learning plays a crucial role in increasing engagement levels and achieving positive behavioral development. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a wildlife-friendly farming curriculum, including active learning, presented to 223 students aged 13–15 years from ten middle schools in Garut Regency, Indonesia, from June to September 2019. Using pre- and post-questionnaires, we found that knowledge retention and understanding increased if students completed an exercise that involved an active discussion with parents and if the class was engaged (monitored via WhatsApp groups) in an active learning experiment. Key concepts regarding wildlife-friendly farming, such as mutual benefits for wildlife and humans, the provision of ecosystem services by animals, and the use of organic farming, were more frequent if students discussed the program with parents or if they were engaged during the experiment. We found evidence that student engagement via active learning increased knowledge retention and understanding of wildlife-friendly farming. Similar approaches should be used to promote wildlife-friendly farming approaches from even younger ages and should be tested with other projects aimed at producing pro-environmental behaviors.

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Balestri, Michela
Campera, Marco
Budiadi Budiadi
Imron, Muhammad Ali
Nekaris, K.A.I.

Oxford Brookes departments

School of Law and Social Sciences
Department of Biological and Medical Sciences


Year of publication: 2023
Date of RADAR deposit: 2023-08-14

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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