Journal Article


The expansion of later Acheulean hominins into the Arabian Peninsula

Abstract

The Acheulean is the longest lasting cultural–technological tradition in human evolutionary history. However, considerable gaps remain in understanding the chronology and geographical distribution of Acheulean hominins. We present the first chronometrically dated Acheulean site from the Arabian Peninsula, a vast and poorly known region that forms more than half of Southwest Asia. Results show that Acheulean hominin occupation expanded along hydrological networks into the heart of Arabia from Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 7 until at least ~190 ka ΜΆ the youngest documented Acheulean in Southwest Asia. The site of Saffaqah features Acheulean technology, characterized by large flakes, handaxes and cleavers, similar to Acheulean assemblages in Africa. These findings reveal a climatically-mediated later Acheulean expansion into a poorly known region, amplifying the documented diversity of Middle Pleistocene hominin behaviour across the Old World and elaborating the terminal archaic landscape encountered by our species as they dispersed out of Africa.

Attached files

Authors

Scerri, Eleanor M.L.
Shipton, Ceri
Clark-Balzan, Laine
Frouin, Marine
Schwenninger, Jean-Luc
Groucutt, Huw S.
Breeze, Paul S.
Parton, Ash
Blinkhorn, James
Drake, Nick A.
Jennings, Richard
Cuthbertson, Patrick
Al Omari, Abdulaziz
Alsharekh, Abdullah M.
Petraglia , Michael D.

Oxford Brookes departments

Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences\Department of Social Sciences

Dates

Year of publication: 2018
Date of RADAR deposit: 2019-04-25


Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License


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