Oxford Brookes Research

  • Staff publications (1,890)
    A registry and partially full-text Open Access collection of text-based research publications and outputs authored by Oxford Brookes University staff
  • Pedagogic Research (23)
    Pedagogic research produced by staff at Oxford Brookes and collated by the OCSLD (the Oxford Centre for Staff and Learning Development).
  • Impact Case Studies (42)
    A series of reports on how research at Oxford Brookes University has had a positive effect outside of the academic world in industry, commerce, politics, and education

    Research data

  • Research data (1)
    Individual datasets produced by researchers at Oxford Brookes University that are not part of a larger collection
  • Italian Cinema Audiences
    Coming soon! A collection of video interviews with elderly Italians about their experiences of cinema in the 1940s and 1950s
  • Sonic Art Research Unit (SARU) (477)
    Recordings and images from the Sonic Art Research Unit (SARU) which provides a forum for dialogue between the fields of Composition and Sound Art
Results
1 to 10 of 2,410

The Constraint-Effects-Mitigation Involvement Loyalty Model: An Integrative Review

This systematic review deliberately included studies with diverse methodologies in order to establish the general applicability of a constraint-effects-mitigation involvement loyalty model, a status which has only been indirectly accorded to it within the literature to date. Studies conducted between 1987 and the present covering 27 papers in several different settings consistently demonstrated that leisure involvement can necessitate negotiation strategies to allow individuals to form loyalty to people, leisure activities and places, whilst still facing a myriad of constraints at any given time.

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:22 September 2017 17:05
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Young people and organised outdoor activities: a study of opportunities in national parks

This thesis examines young people's opportunities to participate in organised outdoor activities. It is set within a context of changing leisure interests, a growth in private sector leisure provision, and increasing emphasis on consumer choice. It argues that whilst, in principle, there is widespread support for young people's participation in outdoor activities, in practice, opportunities are becoming increasingly limited. The study aims to examine the nature of outdoor facilities, to determine their use by young people, to identify changes occurring within the outdoor sector, and to consider the changes in relation to young people's access to the outdoors. The empirical research focuses~ on outdoor activity centres, in acknowledgement that the residential experience offered by such centres can contribute to the social and personal development of young people. It also focuses on the National Parks of England and Wales. These areas possess a wealth of natural resources suitable for a wide range of outdoor ac…

Type: thesis
Status: Live|Last updated:22 September 2017 14:25
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The effects of fluctuations in oestrogen and progesterone during the menstrual cycle on glucose homeostasis, energy balance, exercise and premenstrual syndrome

It is widely accepted that the loss of sex hormones after the menopause is strongly linked with cancer, insulin resistance and obesity, with variations in sex hormone concentrations being responsible in part, for the differences reported in energy metabolism and glycaemic control between genders. As such a greater understanding of the effects that oestrogen and progesterone may have on women's health and their potential long term consequences is required. This thesis reports evidence of three studies investigating the effects of oestrogen and progesterone during the menstrual cycle on glucose and insulin response, energy expenditure, substrate oxidation and premenstrual syndrome (PMS). The aim of the first study was to investigate glucose and insulin responses to a 75g glucose load during different phases of the menstrual cycle. Venous blood samples for baseline measurements of oestradiol and progesterone were collected every other week day from eighteen regularly menstruating women for one complete menstrul…

Type: thesis
Status: Live|Last updated:22 September 2017 13:07
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Communities of Practice in Higher Education: professional learning in an academic career

This article focuses on the life history of a university academic, and the ways in which he learned in different communities of practice during his career. This account raises questions about the applicability of Lave and Wenger’s (1991) theory to a knowledge-based organisation, and argues that both the external context and the individuals within the community impinge on learning. It suggests that the role of academic staff developers may vary depending on the CoP and should include developing networks, facilitation, providing relevant expertise, improving harmony within CoPs and harnessing the benefits of internationally dispersed CoPs.

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:22 September 2017 12:57
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Izazovi za inovacije u turizmu: revitalizacija zrelih destinacija = Challenging tourism contexts for innovation: the revitalisation of mature destinations

Innovation is essential for the sustainability and competitiveness of destinations. Mature cold-water destinations face particular challenges when innovating to revitalise. This paper examines the context of these destinations in terms of their demand and supply side characteristics and goes on to analyse this context in terms of its ability to promote or hinder innovation. Success factors are identifi ed which include the need for a champion, a whole of destination approach and adequate fi nancing for revitalisation. Finally the paper analyses resort contexts for innovation in terms of their stakeholder landscape, network analysis and communities of practice.

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:22 September 2017 12:55
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Spatial patterns of wheat grain composition in relation to nutritional quality and processing properties

The quality of wheat-based food. products, especially bread quality, is significantly affected by the characteristics of the wheat flour, both in term of processing quality and nutritional value. White flour, by far the most used flour in breadmaking, derives from grinding of the grain starchy endosperm. Several studies have demonstrated that the endosperm tissue shows significant inhomogeneity in its chemical composition, with both quantitative and qualitative patterns of tissue distribution observed for all its main storage components. This project has focused on a detailed study of the spatial distributions of proteins and starch within the wheat endosperm, how they are influenced by genetic and environmental factors and how they affect the processing properties of the flour. Multiple technologies, including protein/starch chemistry, immunocytochemistry and microscopy, have been used to achieve the research aims. The results show a clear deceasing gradient in total protein in the endosperm from the subaleu…

Type: thesis
Status: Live|Last updated:22 September 2017 12:35
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Geographical and temporal variation of biochemical and colour-pattern polymorphisms in the European moth, Noctua pronuba (L.).

Many small, numerically abundant animals of low trophic position exhibit polymorphisms for colour and pattern. This variation is assumed to be adaptive and maintained by frequency-dependent selection, the fitness of phenotypes being negatively correlated with their frequency in the population. Noctua pronuba is an abundant moth species of the western Palaearctic and is now established in north eastern America. When the moth is at rest it is apparently cryptically coloured with the visible surfaces polymorphic in colour and pattern. The limitation of this variation to the exposed surfaces of the moth suggests that the variation may be maintained by visual selection by predators. The forewing polymorphism in N.pronuba can be split into three distinct phenotypes: rufous, ochre and silver, with the variation probably controlled by a single locus, with three alleles in a dominance hierarchy. The expression of these alleles is influenced by sex with females lighter in colour than males. The aim of this work was to …

Type: thesis
Status: Live|Last updated:22 September 2017 12:16
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Kültürel Açılım, Hepçillik ve Seçkin Sanatın Düşüşü: Türkiye-Avrupa Karşılaştırması = Cultural opening, omnivore and the decline of the highbrow: A comparison of Turkey and Europe

There is a growing literature suggesting that the classifications in arts and culture are transforming. ‘Cultural opening’ thesis suggests that the boundaries of established arts are becoming more permeable; allowing the emerging art/culture forms to take their place in the higher ranks. In line with this thesis, a number of researchers point out the rise of culturally ‘omnivore’ evaluative repertories. Drawing on the analysis of a data set (N=13,161) comprised of the cultural coverage of major newspapers from six European countries from 1960 to 2010, this research questions: How are art and culture news distributed in terms of their field? Is there a gradual change with respect to the journalistic attention paid to established vs. emergent fields? Can we identify a change within the genre hierarchy operating in a given cultural form (i.e. classical music vs. pop music)? The findings suggest that in the European context, cultural omnivore thesis has more explanatory power than the cultural opening thesis. Com…

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:22 September 2017 12:16
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Interests, Powers and Mere Equities in Modern Land Law

English land registration law is a work in progress. There remain important unresolved issues concerning the conceptual building blocks used in the Land Registration Act 2002. This article focusses on rights to correct the land register. It considers the place of such rights in the ordering of estates, interests, rights and equities; and makes proposals about the characteristics of these rights so as to produce an integrated, coherent regime which combines the blunt rule for the passing of property with a sophisticated remedial regime for its recovery. Having analysed the right to rectify, it concludes that the right to rectify shares such similarities with the ‘mere equity’ that this classification makes sense in explaining the current law. In terms of policy, however, this classification is inappropriate and reform is required. Potential options for such reform are considered.

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:22 September 2017 12:13
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What’s Left of ‘the Left’ in Post-Apartheid South Africa?

This article addresses the question of ‘the left’ in contemporary South Africa in two senses: first, in terms of assessing the health of leftist politics; second, it asks to what extent are the self-identified left progressive in any meaningful sense. The first half of this article reflects on the current development situation in South Africa. Here, it is argued that within most sections of the South African left, there is broad agreement on the need to address the triple challenge of unemployment, rising inequality and poverty. The second half of this article identifies three broad sections to the contemporary left in South Africa (the Tripartite Alliance, the left outside the Alliance and the remnants of the revolutionary socialist left). It argues that the left within the Alliance, despite the launch of the New Growth Path, are failing to implement the sufficiently radical policy changes that are required to address the development challenges identified in the first half of this article. The left outside t…

Type: Journal Article/Review
Status: Live|Last updated:22 September 2017 12:09
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