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Desaturation on exercise has been suggested as a predictive feature for deterioration in COVID-19. The objective of this paper was to determine the feasibility and validity for the 40-steps desaturation test.A prospective observational cohort study was undertaken in patients assessed in hospital prior to discharge. One-hundred and fifty-two participants were screened between November 2020 and February 2021, and 64 were recruited to perform a 40-steps desaturation test. Patients who were able to perform the test were younger and less frail. Four patients were readmitted to hospital and one patient deteriorated within 30 days but no patient died.The majority of patients showed little change in saturations during the test, even with pre-existing respiratory pathology. Change in saturations, respiratory rate, heart rate and breathlessness were not predictive of death or readmission to hospital within 30 days. Of 13 patients who had a desaturation of 3% or more during exercise, none was readmitted to hospital with…
Introduction: Occupational balance is one of the concepts used by occupational therapists with no consensus on its definition. Literature demonstrates different perspectives when this concept is applied in practice and in its link to other concepts such as health and well-being. This study aims to explore how the concept of occupational balance is perceived and practised by occupational therapy practitioners.
Method: A qualitative methodology was employed. Fourteen occupational therapists volunteered for the study. Nine occupational therapy practitioners were interviewed individually and five attended a focus group. Thematic analysis was applied to analyze the data.
Results: Six themes were identified as follows: (1) occupational balance: what it is; (2) how occupational balance is formed; (3) occupational balance and well-being (4); subjective and objective representations of occupational balance (5); what disrupts/affects occupational balance; and (6) occupational balance/imbalance and occupational therap…
Background. Communication, behavioural disturbances and low motivation influence the functional potential and the effectiveness of interventions in adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). While the model of human occupation (MOHO) is a conceptual model in occupational therapy, no research on the volition of adolescents with CP in daily activities has been undertaken.
Aim. To explore the elements contributing to the volition of adolescents with CP based on their own experience
Methods. A qualitative approach using directed content analysis with volition of MOHO as a framework was applied. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were carried out with five adolescents with CP and five parents of the same adolescents.
Results. In this study primary codes were categorized into eight categories: family and community-related values, individual values, individual perceptions of ability level, sense of control over conditions, enjoying performing activities, enjoying interpersonal relationships, physical context features…
Background: Leisure time is one of the most important aspects of life, especially for people with chronic diseases. The concept and types of leisure have frequently been evaluated in different socio-cultural populations. The aim of this study was to identify the nature of leisure activities among a sample of Iranian patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and classify the identified types of activities in the context of Iranian culture.
Methods: In this qualitative study, semi-structured interview was applied to gather data from 34 MS patients that were selected through purposive sampling. The interviews were continued up to the point of saturation. Content analysis was used to explore experiences of the interviewees regarding their leisure activities.
Results: Six categories of leisure activities were extracted for the studied patients with MS i.e.physical, social, individual, art/cultural, educational and spiritual/religious.
Conclusion: The results represented the range and heterogeneity of leisure activi…
Background. Chronic insomnia is associated with consequential experience that may affect quality of life. Understanding such experience can be helpful in planning effective interventions for patients with chronic insomnia. Objective. The study aimed to describe and illuminate the experience of living with chronic insomnia. Method. The study was conducted using a descriptive phenomenology approach. Participants were selected purposefully from patients with chronic insomnia who had been referred to the sleep disorders research center at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in Iran in 2014. Data were gathered through in-depth unstructured interviews and analyzed according to the Colaizzi method by means of Husserlian phenomenology. Results. Two main themes were found in this study, from which five sub themes were constructed: first, an upset mind, with the subthemes of insomnia as an unpleasant experience and insomnia as a worrying experience; and second, an unwanted new lifestyle with treatment seeking beh…
Background: The Intentional Relationship Model is specifically focused on the relational aspect of therapy. The model describes six therapeutic modes; these represent different types of interaction for the therapist. However, preferences for therapeutic mode use are under researched.
Aims: This study aims to describe preferences for therapeutic modes in undergraduate occupational therapy students, as well as to explore factors associated to each of the therapeutic modes.
Methods: A sample of 96 occupational therapy students, based at two different Norwegian universities, participated in the study. They completed the Norwegian Self-Assessment of Modes Questionnaire along with sociodemographic information. Descriptive analysis, bivariate correlation and linear regression analysis were employed.
Results: The problem-solving mode was most frequently endorsed. There were generally weak associations between the variables, but female sex and being a student in the education program in Trondheim were associated wi…
Background: The Intentional Relationship Model conceptualizes the therapeutic use of self
within occupational therapy. To increase motivation for and success in establishing
therapeutic relationships, therapists need self-efficacy for using the self in therapeutic
practice. However, attempts to combine this model with self-efficacy theory are rare, and
instruments by which to measure self-efficacy for therapeutic use of self are in a developing
Aim: This study aimed to examine the factor structure and internal consistency of the
Norwegian Self-efficacy for recognizing interpersonal characteristics (N-SERIC).
Methods: Occupational therapy students (n = 100) from two education programs completed
the instrument along with sociodemographic information. The factor structure was examined
with Principal Components Analysis (PCA), and internal consistency was assessed with
Cronbach’s α and inter-item correlations.
Results: The PCA revealed that all N-SERIC items belonged to the same latent factor, with
Large amounts of quantitative data about stroke care are being collected in National Stroke Audits, but at present there is little information about how patients themselves experience this care, information that is important when designing patient-centred services. This study aimed to explore weekend days on a stroke unit from the patients’ perspective. In-depth interviews were conducted with four stroke inpatients, and the interview data was transcribed and analysed using a descriptive phenomenological approach. Although each patient’s experience was individual, some common themes occured. The main theme was the perception of inactivity, with various subcategories within this, namely boredom, influence of other people, visitors and needing time to rest. Three other smaller themes were also identified: frustration, a reluctance to criticise ward staff, and changing perceptions of weekend days as patients progressed through their rehabilitation. These results are discussed and implications for practice are su…
Objective: Although, Literature shows the significant role of parents in children’s lives, there have not been any studies carried out on the parents’ occupational assessments of their children.
Materials and Methods: A modified version of the Child Occupational Self Awareness (COSA) was created (Parents Assessment of Child Occupational, PACO) to assess the parents’ assessment of their child’s occupation. This feasibility study aimed at identifying the practical and potential issues of applying the COSA alongside PACO. As well as testing the value of identifying the similarity of discrepancies between parents (here mothers) and their children in assessing a child’s occupational life. For this purpose, a convenient sample of 30 primary students aged between 9-10 years old, and their mothers were chosen.
Results: The content analysis of the COSA and PACO besides the supplementary information gathered by the interviewer showed factors which need to be considered in the main future study.
Conclusion: The findin…
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