Objective: Alcohol misuse prevention often fails to account for or replace the pleasurable benefits of drinking such as relaxing and socialising with friends. Increasingly, alcohol free dance music events are emerging, allowing people to gain the positive outcomes of dancing without recourse to alcohol. This study sought to explore whether conscious-clubbing would be rated as an acceptable alternative to traditional alcohol-focused events.
Design/Setting: An online cross-sectional survey was completed by 281 young respondents (80.4% female; mean age = 22).
Method: Health-related cognitions (attitudes, intentions), perceived acceptability towards alcohol free dance events and the extent to which these were predicted by demographics and individual differences were assessed in the survey.
Results: T-tests indicated overall positive attitudes, acceptability, support towards and intention to attend alcohol-free clubbing events regardless of drinking status, with the exception of drinkers’ intentions to attend …
The conception of an EV is a novel process that presents a multitude of challenges to modern
industry. The design of the electrical system is the most sophisticated and resource intensive
task. If we apply this to motorsport and bring it into an academic environment, all these
factors are magnified.
In the Low Voltage Design Manual for a Formula Student EV, an automotive industry
methodology has been proposed, including design priorities matrixes and engineering design
processes. Ensuring that the car is legal, following the FSUK 2020 rules. Thanks to the
application of this detailed guide by Oxford Brookes Racing members, design and
manufacture tasks are made in the shortest time possible reducing the number of failures.
The manual covers different subsystems, from the sensor and unit control implementation
till the Pinout, including Printed Circuit Board (PCB) design & manufacturing, communication
protocols, battery sizing or wiring diagram. The…
IPC Commissioning (Adults) Course London March 2020 Module 4 Course materials
The Arabian Peninsula is situated at an important crossroads for the movement of Pleistocene human populations out of, and into, Africa. Although the timings, routes and frequencies of such dispersals have not yet been confirmed by genetic, fossil or archaeological evidence, expansion into Arabia would have been facilitated by humid periods driven by incursions of monsoon rainfall, potentially from both Indian Ocean and African monsoon systems. Here we synthesise terrestrial and marine core palaeoclimatic data in order to establish the spatial and temporal variability of humid periods in Arabia between late Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 7 and 3. Incursions of monsoon rainfall occurred during periods of insolation maxima at ca. 200–190, 170, 155, 130–120, 105–95, 85–75 and 60–55 ka, providing multiple ‘windows’ of favourable climatic conditions that could have facilitated demographic expansion through Arabia. Strong summer monsoons are generally associated with mid-high latitude interglacials, however, enhanced m…
This article addresses how consumers make use of fantasy, feelings, and fun when deciding, giving, and consuming gifts of tourism and leisure. Despite little industry awareness, consumers are engaging with such behaviour because tourism gifts offer considerable scope for the creative expression of donor–recipient relationships. This UK-based interpretive qualitative study captured data from donors, recipients, and tourism and leisure providers. The feelings (emotions), fantasies (imagination and dreaming), and fun (playfulness) were interrogated through the behavioural phases of gift decision making, gift exchange, post-exchange, and gift consumption. A range of emotions were displayed by donors and recipients at different stages in the gift-giving process; donor decision making in groups for created gifts was particularly charged. Fantasies were evident both for donors planning gifts and for recipients. As an intangible gift, means of exchange allowed for creative mechanisms beyond the classic wrapping strat…
The NHS is constantly evolving to respond to the changing healthcare needs of a growing population. Talent is a key factor in ensuring organisational success and providing caring, safe and excellent services to patients, so it is more important than ever for the NHS to employ a committed and engaged workforce. This research aimed to explore the relationship between the psychological contract (PC), affective organisational commitment (AOC) and employee engagement (EE). A quantitative research design was selected, and the consultant psychiatrists employed by Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust were provided with an internet mediated electronic survey, a total of 80 responses were received. Positive linear relationships were identified between several of the independent PC variables and the dependent variables of AOC and EE; where there were greater levels of PC fulfilment there were also greater degrees of AOC and EE. Multiple regression analyses were conducted and revealed that PC predicted a 53% variance in AO…
Pedestrians are one of the most vulnerable groups at the roadside, furthermore, previous research has demonstrated perceptual-motor limitations in individuals with DCD which may put these individuals at even more at risk in the context of road crossing. However, it is unclear whether this is the lived experience of these individuals at the roadside. Furthermore, difficulties with road crossing and safety have been found in other neurodevelopmental disorders but the impact this might have on an individual with co-occurring difficulties is unknown. Therefore, we utilised a questionnaire to survey the lived experience of adults with DCD and parents of children with DCD with the specific objectives of describing behaviours exhibited by adults and children with DCD (the latter reported by parents) at the roadside and to determine the how these individuals perceive road crossing actions. For each of these we compared different co-occurrence groups. We also had one final objective which was not focussed on road cros…
This dissertation attempts to deliver an understanding of the socialisation process experiences and general experiences regarding the treatment hospitality interns have received during their internships in hotel chains. The data for the study was collected qualitatively through semi-structured interviews and included nine interns that worked in hotel chains in the UK. To understand the experiences interns shared concerning their respective integrational proceedings, the socialisation process theory will be considered. This will on one hand explain components of the socialisation process and also highlight the experiences that were made in relation to the theory. Therefore, existing literature will be reviewed and considered for the study that will be conducted.
The findings of the conducted research show and contribute to the conclusion that interns had mixed opinions about their placement integrations, as their expectations were only partly met. Seven areas were explored in relation to the socialisation and …
Background. The fetal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis plays a key role in the control of parturition and maturation of organ systems in preparation for birth. In hypothyroid fetuses, gestational length may be prolonged and maturational processes delayed. The extent to which the effects of thyroid hormone deficiency in utero on the timing of fetal maturation and parturition are mediated by changes to the structure and function of the fetal HPA axis is unknown.
Methods. In twin sheep pregnancies where one fetus was thyroidectomized and the other sham-operated, this study investigated the effect of hypothyroidism on circulating concentrations of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol, and the structure and secretory capacity of the anterior pituitary and adrenal glands. The relative population of pituitary corticotrophs, and the masses of the adrenal zones, were assessed by immunohistochemical and stereological techniques. Adrenal mRNA abundances of key steroidogenic enzymes and growth …
This chapter sets out the importance of knowledge systems in promoting economic development in African countries with special reference to innovation. Using published data from the last 20 years and a major DFID aid programme it argues that most recent investment in African technology development is still unduly biased towards formal science. What is lacking at policy level is any meaningful interaction between science and economic production on the ground. The danger is therefore a continuation of African underdevelopment with profound likely consequences for incomes and employment across the continent.
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