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Intention to reduce drinking alcohol and preferred sources of support: An international cross-sectional study

Introduction. Drinking alcohol is legal in most countries of the world. Given the social acceptance of this behavior despite potential negative impact on health, help-seeking behavior could differ when compared to other drugs. This paper aimed to assess intentions to reduce drinking and the preferred sources of support among a large international sample of people who drink alcohol. Materials and methods. The Global Drug Survey (GDS) is the world’s largest annual survey of drug use. This paper included data from 82,190 respondents from 12 countries on four continents who reported the use of alcohol in the last 12 months, collected during November 2016 - January 2017 (GDS2017). Results. Overall, 34.8% said they would like to drink less in the following 12 months and 7.6% said they would like help to drink less. Online tools were the preferred source of support to reduce drinking by respondents from Australia, New Zealand, and the UK, those with low AUDIT scores and without a mental health condition. Specialist…

Year: 2019
Type: journal article
Access: postEmbargoOpenAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:January 17, 2020 5:52 PM
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Familiar tourists, their behaviours and place attachments: an empirical framework

Recognising the importance of familiar places in the lives of individuals and its prevalence in society, this paper examines the behaviours of familiar tourists and their relationships with their familiar places. Stimulated by conceptual work by Pearce (2012) alongside personal observation of the phenomenon, and with input from early focus group work, the fieldwork was conducted in two rural and peripheral destinations of Wales in the United Kingdom across peak and shoulder periods. This paper contributes a multi-level framework of familiar tourist behaviour rooted in the evidence. In unifying the study findings, the framework of familiar tourist behaviour emphasises the consumption behaviours of familiar tourists including the longevity and dynamic nature of the relationship between familiar tourist and their familiar place, the role of familiar tourist resources, skills and competencies, and the overarching theme of belonging.

Year: 2018
Type: journal article
Access: postEmbargoOpenAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:January 17, 2020 5:43 PM
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Temporal injustice and asylum reception centres in Norway: towards a critical geographies of architecture in the institution

A temporal injustice is inherently built into the asylum-seeking system. Asylum seekers lack control over their biographical and their everyday time. In Norway, most asylum seekers live in reception centres while their applications are processed. This article develops a conceptual framework for understanding the asylum centre by drawing on geographical literature on architecture and contributions from migration studies on temporality. It analyses the ways in which the reception centre becomes a focal point in the asylum seekers’ lives and how people’s lived experiences, the asylum institution and the materiality of the buildings housing the centres come together in the particular temporalities produced by the asylum-seeking process. People’s agentic capacities within institutional and material structures are conceptualised as ‘orientations’. The paper analyses the lived experience of residents in three different reception centres in Norway. The temporal frames operating in the reception centres are expression…

Year: 2019
Type: journal article
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:January 17, 2020 5:26 PM
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Being Breathed: from King Lear to clinical medicine

Year: Not yet published.
Type: book part
Access: metadataOnlyAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:January 17, 2020 5:02 PM
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Speaking for the Muslim world: popular memoir and the "War on Terror"

This essay analyses two prominent memoirs by authors from Muslim backgrounds who use their writing to critique Islamist extremism: Infidel by Ayaan Hirsi Ali (2006) and The Islamist by Ed Husain (2007). The memoirs respond to an increased demand for narratives about Islam in the post-9/11 global book market. Although they offer valuable insights, they problematically position themselves as gatekeepers to the so-called ‘Muslim world’, a sweeping term frequently used in news reportage to refer to vast and diverse swathes of the globe. By taking on this role, the texts reinforce precisely the kind of ‘us vs them’ identity binaries that they ostensibly seek to challenge, and which have frequently underpinned dominant discourse about the ‘War on Terror’. This reinforcement of binaries is partially enabled by the memoirs’ heavy reliance on a ‘coming-of-age’ narrative style (borrowed from the literary form of the Bildungsroman), which sometimes creates an equivalence between the attainment of personal maturity and t…

Year: 2018
Type: journal article
Access: postEmbargoOpenAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:January 16, 2020 9:19 AM
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A combined method of image processing and artificial neural network for the identification of 13 Iranian rice cultivars

Due to the importance of identifying crop cultivars, the advancement of accurate assessment of cultivars is considered essential. The existing methods for identifying rice cultivars are mainly time-consuming, costly, and destructive. Therefore, the development of novel methods is highly beneficial. The aim of the present research is to classify common rice cultivars in Iran based on color, morphologic, and texture properties using artificial intelligence (AI) methods. In doing so, digital images of 13 rice cultivars in Iran in three forms of paddy, brown, and white are analyzed through pre-processing and segmentation of using MATLAB. Ninety-two specificities, including 60 color, 14 morphologic, and 18 texture properties, were identified for each rice cultivar. In the next step, the normal distribution of data was evaluated, and the possibility of observing a significant difference between all specificities of cultivars was studied using variance analysis. In addition, the least significant difference (LSD) te…

Year: 2020
Type: journal article
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:January 15, 2020 3:36 PM
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Gender still at work: Interrogating identity in discourses and practices of masculinity

Apart from a few paragraphs reminiscing on how, in response to a publisher contacting us, Jill, Marilyn and I founded Gender, Work and Organization combined with a few comments on its evolution as a leading journal in our field, this article largely summarizes and seeks to develop my lifelong interests in discourses and practices of masculinity. It pays tribute to my doctoral students and/or research colleagues with whom many of these ideas concerning masculinities were shaped. The article then surveys the literature on discourses and practices of masculinities through the three waves: the unitarist, the pluralist and, finally, the performativist approach to discourses and practices of masculinity. A central argument of the article is that although each wave has contributed something of importance to the critical examination of masculinities, none of them fully interrogate identity to theorize how our attachment to the security that it promises is illusory. Posthumanist feminists come closest to realizing thi…

Year: 2019
Type: journal article
Access: embargoedAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:January 15, 2020 3:02 PM
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unidentified

Ronchamp, Haute-Saône, Franche-Comté, France

Year: 2017
Type: image
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:January 15, 2020 12:31 PM
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The UK Corporate Governance Codes: What did we learn from the historical development?

We review the historical development of corporate governance in the UK, and analyse the events and rationale triggering the changes. The development of corporate governance is a dynamic process. Understanding what triggered the changes in the past provides some insights for the further development of a more robust corporate governance system in the years to come. Moreover, for developing countries, our analysis and review of the history of the UK Coroprate Governance development serves a springboard for them to avoid the mistakes that the UK has made and hence shorten the time needed in developing their own Corporate Governance codes with local features.

Year: Not yet published.
Type: journal article
Access: restrictedAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:January 15, 2020 11:43 AM
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The implementation and evaluation of a resilience enhancement programme for nurses working in the forensic setting

This study aimed to implement and evaluate a work-based personal resilience enhancement intervention for forensic nurses. A mixed methods design consisting of surveys, interviews, and a case study approach, whereby the experiences of a group of nurses were studied in relation to their experiences of an intervention programme to enhance personal resilience, was utilised. Nurses working on forensic inpatient wards were invited to participate. Senior nurses were recruited as mentors. Data was collected via pre and post programme surveys to evaluate nurses’ levels of resilience. Post programme interviews were undertaken with nurses and mentors to explore their experiences of the programme. Descriptive statistics of survey data examined changes in nurses’ resilience levels pre and post intervention. Free text survey data and interview data was analysed thematically. The SQUIRE 2.0 checklist was adhered to. Twenty-nine nurses participated. Levels of personal resilience (M=4.12, SD=0.60) were significantly higher po…

Year: 2020
Type: journal article
Access: embargoedAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:January 15, 2020 11:35 AM
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