Introduction: Decontextualization is a concept from psychology whereby new words are learned outside of the context of the here-and-now. Decontextualized language is used for discussing abstract concepts and is crucial to the development of academic language. When it comes to images, a dearth of context can lead to a lack of clarity, such as the use of ambiguous decontextualized images in environmental communication, leading to the promotion of greenwashing. Here we refer to decontextualization as the removal of wildlife from their wild ecological context. Images and videos of globally threatened species are increasingly popular on social media. Showing such taxa alongside humans may impact public perceptions of their abundance and need for conservation and can increase illegal trade. One group of animals that are particularly popular on social media platforms are the slow and pygmy lorises (Nycticebus spp., Xanthonycticebus spp.).
Methods: Here, we examined 100 videos from three popular social media platf…
We argue that Gorz’s work offers a nuanced engagement with alienation that is instructive for contemporary social theory. In keeping with Gorz’s broader politics, we contend that the utility of his framing of alienation derives from his insistence that progressive critique must challenge the ideal of productivism. We start the paper by presenting a sympathetic reconstruction of Gorz’s understanding of alienation. Next, we explicitly detail the strengths his approach carries for furthering sociological research today. We then reinforce this point by arguing that Gorz’s work offers particularly valuable theoretical resources for contemporary Frankfurt School Critical Theory, in which the study of alienation has been somehow hampered by the ascent of ‘recognition theory’. While not sharing all the methodological commitments of first-generation Critical Theorists, Gorz was well versed in Frankfurt School scholarship and is therefore an apposite interlocutor to engage ‘third-generation’ Critical Theory. Gorz’s ins…
Programme Handbook for WFPC7011
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are cysteine-loop ligand-gated ion channels that are the targets of effective insecticides, including neonicotinoids and spinosad. The heterologous expression of nAChRs, in Xenopus laevis oocytes, has enabled the study of functional and pharmacological properties of these receptors by two-electrode voltage clamp electrophysiology.
Myzus persicae, the peach potato aphid, is a major global pest of multiple crop species. The nAChR subunits and several protein chaperones from Myzus persicae have been cloned. It was difficult to achieve robust and frequent expression of a nAChR consisting entirely of subunits from Myzus persicae with the chaperones RIC-3, UNC-50 and TMX3. However, use of the α1 subunit from Drosophila melanogaster allowed nAChRs containing Myzus persicae α3, α8 and β1 subunits to be expressed and characterised with an EC50 for acetylcholine of 123 µM. The Drosophila melanogaster α1 and Myzus persicae β1 subunits formed a functional nAChR with an EC50…
Les initiatives d’excellence (Idex) constituent l’une des dernières réformes de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche. Il s’agit d’appels à projets qui concentrent des ressources supplémentaires sur une dizaine de sites universitaires afin de doter la France d’établissements capables de rivaliser avec les meilleures universités du monde. Dans cet article, nous étudions le renforcement progressif des équipes dirigeantes d’un site universitaire qui ont élaboré, porté et administré avec succès un projet Idex qui a été obtenu puis confirmé. Plus précisément, il s’agit d’une configuration comparable aux politiques winner-take-all dans la mesure où le site et les acteurs en question sont systématiquement sortis affermis de l’alignement entre leur programme et les réformes déployées dans le secteur de l’enseignement supérieur et la recherche depuis les années 2000. =
The “Initiatives of Excellence” (Idex) are one of the latest reforms in higher education. These initiatives are calls for projects that concentr…
This chapter explores the relation between imagination and creativity, with an emphasis on its origins and development. We discuss different models of creativity, debates about its nature, and different ways of measuring both imagination and creativity. The bulk of the chapter reviews empirical studies with children, both correlational and experimental, and we conclude from these studies that, although the evidence is promising with regard to uncovering a causal relation between imagination and creativity, there is still much work to be done. We report our own research exploring how the content of children's imagination may play an important role in relation to creativity and also discuss our findings on the effects of various personality variables on adult creativity. We conclude with directions for future research.
This article identifies two previously-unknown Sterne letters of 1752, the first ‘new’ pieces of
Sterne’s correspondence to be brought to light in over ten years. First, evidence is forwarded to
demonstrate that just two years after delivering the assize sermon ‘The Abuses of Conscience’
at York Minster, Sterne wrote a letter of application (now lost) to serve Richard of Sykes of
Sledmere, High Sheriff of Yorkshire for 1752 – an episode entirely unknown within Sterne
studies. The second letter, to John Fountayne, Dean of York, provides a personal insight into
Sterne’s activities as commissary in the peculiar courts of the diocese of York. A full text of this
letter is presented from the original manuscript. These discoveries, it is argued, provide a
crucial insight into a period in which Sterne was embroiled in disturbances in York chapter
politics, domestic unhappiness, and an ongoing struggle to gain a foothold with both
ecclesiastical and lay patrons in order to further his clerical career.
This chapter proposes four distinct techniques to boost subjective well-being, also called happiness, tailored to hybrid-working employees. These techniques suggested here are: 1) Selected goal-setting techniques around the “why of goal pursuit” with a particular focus on self-concordance and approaching/avoidance driven goal-strivings, 2) Job crafting/leisure crafting, 3) Acts of kindness, and 4) Gratitude exercises. The chapter discusses each technique on its merits by reviewing the related literature, and how they can be useful in boosting people’s subjective well-being for employees who are predominantly working in a hybrid format and therefore their experiences at work as well as at home impact strongly on their subjective well-being.
Recent academic debates within New Cinema History have highlighted a tendency to
overlook the role played by the film in historical studies of cinema and its audiences
(Aveyard, 2011; Biltereyst, 2018). This article aims to address this gap by moving towards a
more film-centric analysis of the cinema-going experience and investigating the place of film
in cinema memory. We draw from and expand previous work on cinema memory and focus
on the intersection between individual and collective engagement with and reception of
films. The focus of our analysis is the oral history (over 1000 questionnaires and 160
video-interviews) collected in the Italian Cinema Audiences (2013-2016) project, which
provides the first study of cinema audiences in Italy in the 1950s by analysing film-goers’
memories and contextualizing them with box-office figures and film industry data. This
project puts audiences at the centre of the cinema-going experience and aims to explore the
importance of film in everyday life. In thi…