Purpose. This paper examines the relationship between the attributes of market knowledge (depth/breadth) and particular types of (process/product) innovation. The mediating mechanism of ambidextrous (exploratory/exploitative) capabilities is also investigated.
Design/methodology/approach. Data from 153 travel agencies from two phases of data collection in Taiwan were analyzed using the structural equation modeling method.
Findings. Market knowledge depth directly and positively impacts on product and process innovation. Market knowledge breadth indirectly and positively impacts on product and process innovation. Ambidextrous capabilities affect process and product innovation and mediate the effect of market knowledge breadth on the two innovations.
Research limitations/implications. This study provides different theoretical views, such as dynamic capability and organizational learning to supplement the explanation of knowledge-based theory in the relationship between market knowledge and innovation.
The study explores the impact of promotion focus/prevention focus on the work engagement/job burnout of international tourist hotel employees, and in the meantime compare the influence of promotion focus and prevention focus. Moreover, the study explores as well whether supervisors’ organizational embodiment and psychological ownership serves as moderators in the relationship between promotion focus/prevention focus and work engagement/job burnout of international tourist hotel employees. Based on an analysis of 716 employees of international tourist hotel, this study found promotion focus and prevention focus were positively related to work engagement and job burnout; promotion focus and prevention focus were negatively related to work engagement and job burnout. Moreover, prevention focus accounted for more variance in work engagement and job burnout than did that of promotion focus. Psychological ownership moderates the relationship between regulatory foci and work engagement. Psychological ownership also …
The health sciences sector uses work integrated learning to prepare professionals for practice and has done so predominately using a traditional apprenticeship model. Over the past two decades there has been an increasing focus on integrating peer coaching into this learning environment. While peer coaching can occur informally, failure to formalize the process and train participants can negatively impact rapport-building, trust and learning outcomes. Hence, clinical educators often need some guidance in supporting this placement model. As a result, this research examines the best practices of 31 highly experienced clinical educators within a peer coaching placement model by capturing their explicit and tacit supervisory knowledge.
Nile water availability is one of the major constraints for agricultural development in Egypt. This study conducts a mixed multiplier analysis, under water and land constraints, to identify the seasonal agricultural activities with high output and income multipliers. It uses a 2008/09 SAM for Egypt with detailed representation for Nile-related production factors employed by agricultural activities across irrigation seasons. The results demonstrate the significance of addressing Nile water constraints
not only for agriculture, but also for the overall economy. Policies that enhance water productivity, particularly in winter season, generate outstanding increases in output, income, and employment through sizable multiplier effects.
Previous research has shown that British public perception of veterans can be negative and erroneous. Surveys, for example, indicate that veterans are characterized as skilled and valorous individuals but also as suffering from ill-health, unemployment and homelessness. To investigate how these beliefs may form, the present study examines the public dimension of knowledge by analyzing depictions of veterans in the media. A total of 335 newspaper articles that represent UK veterans were downloaded from Google News and UKPressonline. After the articles were classified with a content analysis, chi-squared tests were conducted to understand how the representation of veterans may be related to the political affiliations of news agencies and by newspaper format. The results suggest that UK veterans are predominantly represented in both heroic and victimizing contexts. While political affiliation did not affect the representation of veterans significantly, newspaper format did, with broadsheet newspapers emphasizing…
Traditional board games are a common social activity for many children, but little is known about the behavioral effects of this type of game. The current study aims to explore the behavioral effects of cooperative and competitive board games in four-to-six-year-old children (N = 65). Repeatedly during six weeks, children in groups of four played either cooperative or competitive board games in a between-subject design, and shortly after each game conducted a task in which children’s cooperative, prosocial, competitive and antisocial behavior were observed. Type of board game did not have an effect on cooperative, prosocial or antisocial behavior. Cooperative and competitive board games elicited equal amounts of cooperative and prosocial behavior, which suggest that board games, regardless of type, could have positive effects on preschoolers’ social behavior. Our results suggest that children may compete more after playing competitive board games; but the measure of competitive behavior in particular was unre…
Today, advertisers and marketing professionals target non-profit web and social media visitors with digital cause-related marketing (CRM) display advertisements. This study compares two digital CRM advertising formats, the advertisements with an explicit donation amount (EDA) and an online cause sponsorship (OCS) advertising format in terms of their impact on consumers’ purchase intention as well as the gendered differences. Survey results of 538 UK consumers indicate that the overall purchase intention towards EDA advertising formats is stronger than towards the OCS format, irrespective of whether the perceived donation amounts are low or high. Contrarily to expectation, gendered differences in purchase intention did not show significance across all advertising formats.
This study seeks to understand the role that courage plays in the development and practice of coaches. Courage is mentioned frequently in the coaching literature, but this research is the first study to investigate its significance. Within the precepts of constructivist grounded theory, which is appropriate for the investigation of under-represented topics, the perspectives of 12 coaches of varying levels of experience revealed that courage is required throughout a coaching career. It was found that courage enables coaches to deliver their best work and is integral to an ongoing cycle of increasing self-awareness and professional development.
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