This review will assess the effectiveness of neuromuscular injury prevention strategies on injury rates among adolescent males playing sports.
Adolescent athletes are predisposed to injuries during this period of growth. Growth-related injury risk factors can be mitigated by implementing appropriate neuromuscular injury prevention strategies. This is the first review to include all sporting disciplines in summarizing the components and assessing the effectiveness of injury prevention strategies in the adolescent male population.
Randomized controlled trials investigating adolescent males, between the ages of 13 and 18 years, participating in organized sports, in any setting and level of participation, will be included. Studies reporting on participants with growth abnormalities will be excluded.
Databases searched will include MEDLINE (Pubmed), CINAHL Complete (EBSCO), CLinicalKey, SPORTDiscus (EBSCO), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Scopus…
Drawing on an organizational learning perspective, this paper examines the effect of levels of foreign market involvement (intensity and geographic spread) on internationalization outcomes recognizing that the moderating influence of entry-mode learning potential is not well documented in the literature on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).
The sample includes 180 SMEs evenly selected from three industries: biotechnology, software and clothing (60 firms in each industry). The sampled firms employ less than 250 employees and are equally distributed between three developed economies and three emerging economies. All were engaged in foreign business.
The authors find that there is a direct relationship between levels of foreign market involvement and internationalization outcomes. Entry-mode learning potential moderates the relationship between intensity of foreign market involvement and internationalization outcomes but not the relationship between g…
When the Petra World Heritage Site Integrated Management Plan was officially endorsed in 2019, it was the first management plan for the site to be legally recognised. The plan also uniquely emerged from a sophisticated interactive and participatory process designed to engage with as many stakeholders as possible to build consensus and foster interdisciplinary approaches to long-standing issues. Over a two-year period, from inception and planning to the final endorsement of the Integrated Management Plan, a dedicated technical team facilitated collaborative work practices and enabled the co-creation of management policies. This paper is a reflexive evaluation of the process by the team and draws on first-hand accounts and experiences to evaluate the impacts this methodology and approach has had on stakeholders and its longer-term legacies. Although Petra is a complex site facing significant pressures and multifaceted user demands, the participatory process has nonetheless empowered stakeholders who had not tra…
This chapter explores the educational policy borrowing of Malaysia from England in two key areas, the school principal preparation programme, National Professional for Headship (NPQH) in England into Malaysia’s National Professional Qualification for Educational Leaders (NPQEL) and the emergence of Trust Schools in Malaysia based around Academy Schools in England. Cross nation policy bowing is a global phenomenon, it has grown significantly in recent decades as policy levers are driven by the neoliberal agenda of performativity fueled by each nation results in international large scale assessments such as the OECD’s PISA. Policy borrowing however, is problematic it often misses the cultural context from which the original policy arose and has unexpected consequences. It is argued that HEI involvement in the development of teachers has been marginalized in England, whilst this is a deliberate act in England, the resulting policy borrowing also creates this marginalization for Malaysia as an unexpected conseque…
—The paper examines the profound impact on the forecasted system reliability when
one assumes average reliabilities on demand for components of various kinds but of the same
type. In this paper, we use reverse engineering of a novel algebraic inequality to demonstrate
that the prevalent practice of using average reliability on demand for components of the same
type but different varieties to calculate system reliability on demand is fundamentally flawed.
This approach can introduce significant errors due to the innate variability of components
within a given type.
Additionally, the paper illustrates the optimization of engineering processes using reverse
engineering of sub-additive algebraic inequalities based on concave power laws. Employing
reverse engineering on these sub-additive inequalities has paved the way for strategies that
enhance the performance of diverse industrial processes. The primary advantage of these subadditive inequalities lies in their simplicity, rendering them particularly suitable fo…
Inspector Morse fans who visit Oxford to follow in the footsteps of their detective hero demonstrate an imaginative overlapping between place and character which can also be illustrated by user-generated online maps and photo-sharing services.
Drawing on narrative accounts of French business school staff and faculty about their experiences and observations of actions taken by different organizational actors in response to a trigger event, we theorize the intricate connections between organizational practices conducive to sexism and the persistence of silence around such practices. Specifically, empirical investigation demonstrates how managerial practices such as the allocation of organizational tasks and valorization of individual contributions prompt organizational members to assume a variety of stances toward gender issues. The enactment of these stances in various interactions provokes organizational counteraction in the form of sanctions, the establishment of a hermetic and formulaic communication regime, and public reinforcement of meritocratic narratives. This results in silence around organizational sexism manifesting as a collective and individual inability and unwillingness to react. This study contributes to a broader and rapidly develop…
What is morally valuable—if anything at all—in entrepreneurship? Existing normative takes can be broadly categorized as belonging to two main views: a backward and a forward-looking approach. The former sees entrepreneurial activity as a permissible emergent product of individuals’ interactions within the boundaries of people’s existing rights; the latter looks at entrepreneurship in the broader context of market processes and emphasizes its role in generating Pareto-improvements in social welfare. In this paper, I suggest that certain instances of entrepreneurship can be intrinsically valuable when they constitute Millian Experiments in Living, that is when entrepreneurial ventures are the expression of an entrepreneur’s conception of the good. Engaging in entrepreneurial activity which reflects one’s conception of the good helps individuals in cultivating their individuality and originality by means of subjecting their normative beliefs to empirical scrutiny, thus allowing one to confirm, revise, or refine …