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Better off households moving to more deprived areas: What is happening? Why?

Economic theories of residential location suggest that households tend to live in neighbourhoods with similar households. Yet in England we have seen increasing evidence of better off households moving to live in more deprived areas, especially since the financial crisis. Here we ask whether these household decisions are more a matter of choice or constraint. Our results suggest that household attributes are consistently important in decision making but household behaviour also relates closely both to the extent of market tension and to individual financial constraints - with households in pressured areas particularly affected by worsening affordability. Supply policy, which has tended to concentrate new building in deprived areas has helped facilitate such moves. A particularly important issue in a rapidly changing housing environment is the extent to which tenure and location appear often to be joint decisions - with many better-off households choosing to buy in more deprived areas. Those who move to or wi…

Type: journal article
Creators: Cho, Youngha; Whitehead, Christine;
Year: 2021
Access: postEmbargoOpenAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:June 24, 2022 12:36 PM
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Teenaged mother’s narratives: Methodological dilemmas in tracing an emergent, yet muted, desire for motherhood

This paper reflexively considers the muted narratives of a desire for pregnancy and parenthood in teenaged women’s accounts of their journey to motherhood after deciding on abortion with their first, unexpected, pregnancy. By contrast their accounts were replete with good citizenship narratives that attested to pregnancy avoidance. Through the use of the Listening Guide, a feminist, layered, reflexive approach to data analysis, these accounts are considered in the wider social and cultural ‘narratives’ evident in the interview data, and the interviewee/interviewer relationship. It is suggested that the young women draw on dominant cultural tropes of the good teenager and mother, shaped by the desire to present themselves to the interviewer as acceptable citizens. It is debated whether the young women choose relative silence regarding their growing desire for pregnancy to avoid judgment in a society that problematises young motherhood, or are silenced by the same dominant discourse. Discussion considers what…

Type: journal article
Creators: Bekaert, Sarah;
Year: 2021
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:June 24, 2022 12:30 PM
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A ‘master-mistress’: Revisiting the history of eighteenth-century wives

There is a dilemma at the heart of the history of eighteenth-century married women. Their ‘story’ is so closely bound up with considerations of gendered authority that, until recently, this has been the primary, sometimes the only, frame for analysis. It is true that patriarchy conscripts and uses women to enable some men to reach their full potential and privileges. In so doing, it simultaneously makes married women integral to the functioning of society, economy, and polity, and writes them out of this story. There are other ways to tell the history of wives, however. This review article revisits the recent history of eighteenth-century wives to encourage all scholars to place wives at the heart of their accounts, including histories that do not define themselves predominantly as women’s or gender history. By summarising recent scholarship and new directions in history that forefront and feature wives, it shows their centrality to the functioning of society, economics, culture, and politics and proposes tha…

Type: journal article
Creators: Begiato, Joanne;
Year: 2022
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:June 24, 2022 12:29 PM
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GALNTs: master regulators of metastasis-associated epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)?

In humans, the UDP-N-α-D galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases family (ppGalNAc-Ts, GalNAc-Ts or GALNTs) comprises 20 isoenzymes. They are responsible for the initial synthesis of α-GalNAc1,3-O-Ser/Thr, or Tn antigen, at initiation of mucin type O-linked glycosylation. This structure is normally extended by the further sequential action of glycosytransferases to build more complex linear or branched O-linked structures, but in cancers it is frequently left unelaborated, and its presence is often associated with poor patient prognosis. Altered levels of GALNT expression or distribution have also been extensively reported in a wide range of cancers. These changes would be predicted to result in marked alterations in GalNAc O-linked glycosylation, including altered levels of site specific O-linked glycosylation and changes in the glycan structures formed, including, potentially, exposure of truncated O-glycans such as Tn antigen. Many reports have demonstrated that altered levels of specif…

Type: journal article
Creators: Beaman, Ellie May; Carter, David R.F.; Brooks, Susan A.;
Year: 2022
Access: embargoedAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:June 24, 2022 12:29 PM
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Shall we forget human nature? Political anthropology and technics from Marx and Engels to Simondon

Human nature is something of a taboo on the left wing of contemporary political theory and scarcely more than a commonsense assumption on its right wing. This article aims to expose the taboo and to challenge the assumption. There is no way, we argue, to defeat conservative political theory without delving into political anthropology. With this purpose in mind, our article analyses the writings of Marx and Engels, and Simondon’s concepts of the transindividual and technics. It shows that Simondon’s theory of technics allows new interpretations of many of the themes scattered in Marx’s and Engels’s works and helps to formulate a materialist political anthropology which entails a political project of liberating ‘human nature’ from labour.

Type: journal article
Creators: Bardin, Andrea; Raimondi, Fabio;
Year: 2022
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:June 24, 2022 12:27 PM
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'We just have to sail this sea all together until we find a shore': Parents’ accounts of home-educating primary-school children in England during COVID-19

Parents’ everyday realities of enforced home-schooling during COVID-19 may offer important insights into strengths and weakness of education systems. This article presents findings from a qualitative study involving parents of primary-school-age children in England during the first ‘lockdown’. Parents shared common concerns with routine, motivation, resources, support, and children’s wellbeing, and responded creatively to the challenges they faced. We argue that focusing narrowly on ‘learning loss’ and getting ‘back on track’ may lead to impoverished educational experiences post-COVID-19, and that a broad, engaging curriculum with social and emotional wellbeing at its core will support children’s thriving in an uncertain future.  

Type: journal article
Creators: Lee, Claire; Wenham, Lucy;
Year: 2021
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:June 24, 2022 12:27 PM
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A 261mV bandgap reference based on beta multiplier with 64ppm

In this paper, a low voltage bandgap reference circuit has been proposed. The introduction of a modified beta multiplier bias circuit decreased the mismatch caused by the PMOS transistors opamp contribution. By shifting the fixed resistors to the NMOSs drain side, the beta multiplier bias was able to minimise threshold mismatch between the two NMOS transistors. A 200-point MC simulation showed 0.9mV standard deviation, with a 0.34% accuracy. The simulated temperature coefficient was 64ppm/0C. The proposed circuit consumed 5.04µW of power from a 0.45V power supply voltage. A prototype was implemented in 65nm CMOS technology occupying a 2888µm2 silicon area, with the nominal value of the reference at 261mV.

Type: journal article
Creators: Nagulapalli, R.; Yassine, Nabil; Barker, Stephen; Georgiou P.; Hayatleh, Khaled;
Year: 2021
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:June 24, 2022 12:26 PM
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Dietary patterns and non-motor symptoms in Parkinson’s: A cross-sectional analysis

Objective: Evidence-based treatment for non-motor symptoms in Parkinson’s (PD) is limited. Lifestyle-based improvements including dietary changes may be a potential management strategy. To investigate the extent to which three dietary indices (Mediterranean-DASH Diet Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND), Dietary Inflammation Index (DII), and Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI-2020) are associated with overall and individual non-motor symptom severity amongst individuals with Parkinson’s. Methods: An exploratory cross-sectional analysis of dietary (food frequency questionnaire) and clinical data, including measures of overall non-motor symptom severity, including fatigue, depression, anxiety, apathy, sleep problems, daytime sleepiness, and cognitive impairment.  The relationship between each dietary score and symptom outcome were assessed by linear regression for continuous variables and through general linear model analysis for tertiles of dietary adherence. Results: None of the dietary indices signific…

Type: journal article
Creators: Lawrie, Sophie; Coe, Shelly; Mansoubi, Maedeh; Welch, Jessica; Razzaque, Jamil; Hu, Michele T.; Dawes, Helen;
Year: 2022
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:June 24, 2022 12:26 PM
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Why are older adults more at risk as pedestrians? A systematic review

Objective: To explore factors which could explain why older adults are more at risk at the roadside. Background: The physical and psychological health benefits of walking have been well-established, leading to the widespread promotion of walking amongst older adults. However, walking can result in an increased risk of injury as a pedestrian at the roadside, which is a greater risk for older adults who are over-represented in pedestrian casualty figures. Method: Relevant databases were searched up to January 2020. All peer reviewed journals that presented data on healthy older adults and some aspect of road crossing or roadside behaviour were included. A total of 142 papers were assessed and 60 met the inclusion criteria. Results: Identified papers could be grouped into three areas: crossing at a designated crossing place; crossing with no designated crossing place; perceptions or behaviours. Conclusion: Multiple individual (attitudes, perceived behavioural control, walking time, time-to-arrival judgements, …

Type: journal article
Creators: Wilmut, Kate; Purcell, Catherine;
Year: 2021
Access: openAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:June 24, 2022 12:25 PM
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Does intellectual property rights protection affect UK and US outward FDI and earnings from FDI? A sectoral analysis

Purpose. Despite decades of research, the relationship between intellectual property rights (IPRs) and FDI remains ambiguous. Using a recently developed patent enforcement index (along with a broader IPR index) and a large sectoral country-to-country FDI dataset, we revisit the FDI-IPR relationship by testing the impact of IPRs on UK and US outward FDI flows as well as earnings from outward FDI. Design/methodology/approach. We use disaggregated data for up to 9 distinct sectors of economic activity from both the US and UK for outward FDI flows and earnings from outward FDI, for a panel of up to 42 developed and developing countries over sample periods from 1998 to 2015. We employ a panel fixed effects approach that allows us to exploit the longitudinal properties of the data using Driscoll and Kraay’s (1998) nonparametric covariance matrix estimator. Findings. We do not find any consistent evidence in support of the hypothesis that countries’ strength of IPR protection or enforcement affects inward FDI, or th…

Type: journal article
Creators: De Vita, Glauco; Alexiou, Constantinos; Trachanas, Emmanouil; Luo Yun;
Year: 2021
Access: postEmbargoOpenAccess
Status: Live|Last updated:June 24, 2022 12:25 PM
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